Is your desktop or laptop computer starting to feel a little poky? Even after just a few months of use, your PC or Mac may start to lose steam thanks to a fragmented hard drive, too many programs running in the background, or even a rogue piece of malware.

poky:慢吞吞,狭小的        rogue:淘气,流氓,游手好闲        malware:恶意软件

This week on Upgrade Your Life, Yahoo! News' Becky Worley serves up some quick and easy tricks for speeding up your PC or Mac, starting with …

1. Clean out your startup items

How long do you have to wait after hitting your PC's power button before you can actually get to work? Thirty seconds? A minute? Two minutes? More?

If you find yourself routinely twiddling your thumbs while your PC or Mac painstakingly boots itself up, maybe it's because your system is trying to fire up a slew of programs at the same time (and indeed, some programs will set themselves to launch at startup by default). Here's how to ease the frantic rush of competing startup programs:

twiddle:玩弄,转动         painstakingly:煞费苦心地,费力地           a slew of:大量的,一连串的

frantic:狂乱的,疯狂的

For Windows: Click the Start menu, then select Programs (or All Programs in Windows 7), open the Startup folder, and then—as Becky suggest—delete mercilessly. (Don't worry; you're not deleting the programs themselves.) Note: if you see a program sitting in the Startup folder and you don't know what it's for, search on the Web to see what it does before hitting the "delete" button.

mercilessly:残忍地,无情地

For Mac: Open System Preferences under the Apple menu, click the Accounts icon, and then click the Login Items tab. You may find a variety of arcane programs and helper apps lurking inside (such as the mysterious iTunesHelper), but again—search before you zap an unknown program. (Disabling the iTunesHelper app, for example, will prevent iTunes from opening automatically when you connect an iPhone or iPod.)

arcane:神秘的,晦涩难解的      lurk:潜伏,暗藏,埋伏

2. Check for running apps in the Windows task bar

Got a Windows-based PC? See that little row of tiny icons in the bottom-right corner of the screen? Over the course of weeks, months, or years, the number of icons sitting in the Windows task bar has probably grown larger and larger—and many of those icons represent programs that are running in the background and consuming your PC's limited resources.

Expand the task bar by clicking the little arrow on the side, then right-click each icon in succession. If you find, for example, that programs like Skype and iTunes are whirring away even when you're not using them, right-click and select "Close"—or, better yet, open the program and uncheck any "launch at startup" settings in the Preferences or Options menu.

3. Turn off P2P applications

Programs like BitTorrent and Skype work their magic with "peer-to-peer" technology, meaning they leverage the combined computing power and bandwidth of every PC or Mac running their software for such uses as massive file transfers (in the case of BitTorrent) or high-quality, Net-based voice and video chat (for Skype).

But while sharing the P2P burden qualifies you a good Netizen, it can also put a significant dent in your system's performance. If you've got programs like BitTorrent and Skype running all day, every day in the background, Becky suggests shutting them down until you really need them.

4. Root out viruses and malware

Nothing will slow your system down like a virus, a Trojan horse, or other types of malware. Plenty of commercial antivirus applications are available for Windows PCs, but Becky recommends trying Microsoft's free Security Essentials suite, which will sweep your system for any unwanted, nefarious software and provide ongoing protection via regular updates. Just visit Microsoft's Security Essentials website, download and install the software, and follow the instructions.

viruses:病毒        antivirus:防毒软件          nefarious:邪恶的,违法的

Anti-virus packages from the likes of Norton and McAfee are also available for Mac users, but there's an ongoing debate about whether virus protection on the Mac is more trouble than it's worth, given that malicious hackers are far more focused on Windows than they are on Mac OS X systems.

5. Clean up your hard drive

The more junk you have cluttering up your hard drive, the longer it takes for your system to access the data it needs—and that's a great reason to regularly scan your folders and toss out files and programs you don't need, or move them somewhere else to make more room.

One easy (and relatively cheap) solution, says Becky, is to buy an external hard drive for your music, photos, and videos, which can hog a surprisingly large amount of disk space (particularly when it comes to HD-quality TV shows and movies). You can find 500GB external hard drives online for as little as $50, while plenty of 1TB drives (or 1,000 gigabytes) sell for south of $100. Most USB 2.0 external drives are plug-and-play, meaning you just plug them into your PC's USB 2.0 port and you're ready to start dragging and dropping.

plug-and-play:即插即用

Another options: online storage sites, such as Dropbox and Carbonite.

Becky also recommends dumping any old programs that you no longer use. For Windows, click the Start menu, open the Control Panel, and select Add/Remove Programs (or "Uninstall a program" in Windows 7). Mac users can look in the Applications folder, which you can open in the Mac OS X Finder by clicking the Window menu and clicking Applications. See a program you simply never use anymore? Consider tossing it in the trash—although again, never throw away an application without knowing what it does first.

6. Turn off Mac Dashboard widgets

One of the more recent features in Mac OS X is the Dashboard—a layer of handy widgets that you can call up by clicking the Dashboard icon in the Dock. But while Dashboard widgets might be great for a quick check on the weather or to track the Dow, they also eat up a decent chunk of system resources.

widget:小工具,窗口小部件

Do yourself a favor and deactivate the widgets you don't use all that often, Becky advises. Activate the Dashboard, then click the "plus" sign in the bottom-left corner of the screen; next, click the "X" in the upper-left corner of any widgets that you won't miss.

deactivate:取消激活,使无效

7. Try a new browser—or update your old one

Has your browser been slowing to a crawl lately? Maybe it's time for a new one. Both Firefox and Google's Chrome Web browsers are popular—and powerful—alternatives to Internet Explorer, and don't forget that there's a Windows version of Apple's speedy Safari browser.

Want to stick with the browser you have? Make sure you're using the latest version. For Internet Explorer, fire up the Windows Update app under the Start Menu. For Firefox, select "Check for update" under the Help menu. Got Chrome? Select "About Google Chrome" under the wrench icon in the Windows version, or under the Chrome menu in Mac OS X. For Safari, launch "Apple Software Update" under the Start menu in Windows, or select Software Update under the Apple menu on the Mac.

One more thing: make sure you have the latest version of Adobe's Flash Player installed. Visit Adobe's Flash site to download the latest and greatest version (10.2, as of this writing).

8. Defragment your hard drive

Your computer's hard drive is a lot like a closet: the more cluttered it is, the longer it takes to find stuff. One of the easiest (and most effective) ways of tidying up your hard drive is to defragment it, a process that involves consolidating scattered blocks of data into a larger chunk, resulting in bigger swaths of free disk space.

Defragment:磁盘碎片整理程序     consolidating:巩固,合并

Luckily, defragmenting your hard drive in Windows is a snap. Select Computers from the Start menu, right-click on the icon that represents your hard drive, select Properties, click the Tools tab, and click the Defragment Now button.

Got a Mac? Thanks to the disk optimization features built into Mac OS X, there's "little benefit" to manually fragmenting your hard drive, Apple says. But if you're feeling the need to try it anyway, there are several third-party defragmenting utilities for the Mac, including iDefrag and Drive Genius; just make sure to back up your data before giving them a go.

每日英语:Upgrade Your Life: How to speed up your PC (or Mac)的更多相关文章

  1. 每日英语:Six Ways to Modernize Your Car

    AS AUTO MAKERS ADD far-out features to the latest cars at warp speed--everything from futuristic hea ...

  2. 每日英语:How To Survive The Windows XPiration Date

    The default background for Microsoft's Windows XP operating system -- a perfect blue sky full of cot ...

  3. 每日英语:The Benefits of a Better Men's T-Shirt

    "I WEAR A T-shirt and jeans every single day," said Erik Schnakenberg, 30, co-founder of t ...

  4. 每日英语:4G in China: A bigger deal than the iPhone

    Forget the breathless coverage of China Mobile offering the iPhone for a moment. Yes, it's huge news ...

  5. 每日英语:Nelson Mandela Dies at 95

    Nelson Mandela, who rose from militant antiapartheid activist to become the unifying president of a ...

  6. 每日英语:How to Solve India's Huge Food Wastage

    India is one of the world’s  largest producers of fruits and vegetables, but a third of its produce ...

  7. 每日英语:The Biggest Distraction In The Office Is Sitting Next To You

    The big push in office design is forcing co-workers to interact more. Cubicle walls are lower, offic ...

  8. 每日英语:Tech Firms Flock to Vietnam

    Opening up a Korean restaurant among the rice fields and limestone karsts north of Hanoi might seem ...

  9. 每日英语:The First Day On A Job Is Tough Work

    Why is the first day on the job often the worst? New employees tend to be greeted with stacks of ben ...

随机推荐

  1. softmax分类器+cross entropy损失函数的求导

    softmax是logisitic regression在多酚类问题上的推广,\(W=[w_1,w_2,...,w_c]\)为各个类的权重因子,\(b\)为各类的门槛值.不要想象成超平面,否则很难理解 ...

  2. 随机数生成器console

    #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <time.h> int main() { ]; ]; int i; ...

  3. 各I/O模型 对应Web服务应用模型(select,poll,epoll,kevent,"/dev/poll")

    一.利用select多路复用I/O的Web服务应用模型  /* 可读.可写.异常三种文件描述符集的申明和初始化.*/ fd_set readfds, writefds, exceptionfds; F ...

  4. CF_402C Searching for Graph 乱搞题

    题目链接:http://codeforces.com/problemset/problem/402/C /**算法分析: 乱搞题,不明白题目想考什么 */ #include<bits/stdc+ ...

  5. 【JAVAWEB学习笔记】28_jqueryAjax:json数据结构、jquery的ajax操作和表单校验插件

    Ajax-jqueryAjax 今天内容: 1.json数据结构(重点) 2.jquery的ajax操作(重点) 3.jquery的插件使用   一.json数据结构 1.什么是json JSON(J ...

  6. HTML <script> 标签的 defer 和 async 属性

    HTMKL <script>标签中有defer和async属性,简单介绍一下两者的区别吧.   普通的script标签会让浏览器立即下载并执行完毕,执行也是按照先后顺序,再进行后面的解析. ...

  7. Week 1 工程表格

    PSP2.1 Personal Software Process Stages Time Planning 计划 · Estimate · 估计这个任务需要多少时间 6h30min Developme ...

  8. 河南省第十一届ACM大学生程序设计竞赛

    nyoj-1365-山区修路 内存限制:128MB 时间限制:3000ms 特判: No通过数:4 提交数:4 难度:3 题目描述: SNJ位于HB省西部一片群峰耸立的高大山地,横亘于A江.B水之间, ...

  9. SQLmap源码分析之框架初始化(一)

    SQLmap是现在搞web人手一个的注入神器,不仅包含了主流数据库的SQL注入检测,而且包含提权以及后渗透模块.基于python2.x开发而成,使用方便.所以研究web安全少不了分析源码,学习代码的同 ...

  10. mysql 显示树结构表的节点全路径

    SELECT TYPEID AS TYPEID, pTYPEID AS 父TYPEID, levels AS 父到子之间级数, concat(paths, ',', TYPEID) AS 父到子路径, ...