《基于Spring Boot,使用JPA操作Sql Server数据库完成CRUD》《基于Spring Boot,使用JPA调用Sql Server数据库的存储过程并返回记录集合》完成了CRUD,调用存储过程查询数据。

很多复杂的情况下,会存在要直接执行SQL来获取数据。

通过“EntityManager”创建NativeQuery方法来执行动态SQL。

1.查询结果集映射

在包“com.kxh.example.demo.domain”下的“Contact”实体上编写命名的结果集映射,因为可以写很多映射。

@SqlResultSetMapping注解即为映射。

name参数,可以为结果集映射取个名字。

entities参数,用来说明把Entity和查询的结果字段进行关联说明。

package com.kxh.example.demo.domain;

import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.EntityResult;
import javax.persistence.FieldResult;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.NamedStoredProcedureQueries;
import javax.persistence.NamedStoredProcedureQuery;
import javax.persistence.ParameterMode;
import javax.persistence.SqlResultSetMapping;
import javax.persistence.StoredProcedureParameter; @Entity
@SqlResultSetMapping(
name = "conatctMapping",
entities = @EntityResult(
entityClass = Contact.class,
fields = {
@FieldResult(name = "name", column = "name"),
@FieldResult(name = "phone", column = "phone"),
@FieldResult(name = "mail", column = "mail")})
)
@NamedStoredProcedureQueries({
@NamedStoredProcedureQuery(
name = "getContactsLikeName",
procedureName = "proc_get_contacts_like_name",
resultClasses = { Contact.class },
parameters = {
@StoredProcedureParameter(
mode = ParameterMode.IN,
name = "name",
type = String.class)
}
)
})
public class Contact {
@Id
@GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
private long id; private String name; private String phone; private String mail; public Contact() {
super();
} public Contact(String name, String phone, String mail) {
super(); this.name = name;
this.phone = phone;
this.mail = mail;
} public long getId() {
return this.id;
} public void setId(long value) {
this.id = value;
} public String getName() {
return this.name;
} public void setName(String value) {
this.name = value;
} public String getPhone() {
return phone;
} public void setPhone(String value) {
this.phone = value;
} public String getMail() {
return this.mail;
} public void setMail(String value) {
this.mail = value;
}
}

3.通过业务对象调用

在包“com.kxh.example.demo.service”下的类“ContactsService”中添加执行函数。

通过"EntityManager"创建NativeQuery函数,第一参数是Sql,第二个参数就是上面定义的结果集映射名。

然后传入查询条件参数,设置最大返回结果记录数,获取查询结果集。

package com.kxh.example.demo.service;

import java.util.List;

import javax.persistence.EntityManager;
import javax.persistence.StoredProcedureQuery; import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component; import com.kxh.example.demo.domain.Contact; @Component
public class ContactsService {
@Autowired
private EntityManager entityManager; @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
public List<Contact> findAllViaProc(String name) {
StoredProcedureQuery storedProcedureQuery = this.entityManager.createNamedStoredProcedureQuery("getContactsLikeName");
storedProcedureQuery.setParameter("name", name);
storedProcedureQuery.execute();
return storedProcedureQuery.getResultList();
} @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
public List<Contact> findAllByViaQuery(String name) {
List<Contact> contacts = this.entityManager
.createNativeQuery("select name, phone, mail from contact where name like :name", "conatctMapping")
.setParameter("name", name)
.setMaxResults(5)
.getResultList(); return contacts;
}
}

4.通过RestController向外提供服务

增加一个新的访问路径映射,在处理方法中调用contactsService.findAllByViaQuery(nameWhere)获取查询结果集。

package com.kxh.example.demo.controller;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List; import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController; import com.kxh.example.demo.dao.ContactsRepository;
import com.kxh.example.demo.domain.Contact;
import com.kxh.example.demo.service.ContactsService; @RestController
@RequestMapping("/contacts")
public class ContactsController { @Autowired
ContactsService contactsService;//省略
//通过动态sql查
@RequestMapping(value="/query/viadnq/likename", method=RequestMethod.GET)
public List<Contact> findContactsUseDyanamicQueryLikeName(String name) {
System.out.println("kxh1");
String nameWhere = org.apache.commons.lang.StringUtils.join(new String[]{"%", name, "%"}, "");
List<Contact> contacts = contactsService.findAllByViaQuery(nameWhere);
if(contacts == null) {
System.out.println("kxh4");
return new ArrayList<Contact>();
} else {
System.out.println("kxh5");
return contacts;
}
}
}

代码

End