一、介绍

    本例子用Selenium +phantomjs 利用 pyquery通过搜狗搜索引擎数据()的资讯信息,输入给定关键字抓取资讯信息。

    给定关键字:数字;融合;电视

    抓取信息内如下:

      1、资讯标题

      2、资讯链接

      3、资讯时间

      4、资讯来源

 

  二、网站信息

    

    

    

  三、数据抓取

    针对上面的网站信息,来进行抓取

    1、首先抓取信息列表

      抓取代码:Elements = doc('div[class="news151102"]')

    2、抓取标题

      抓取代码:title = element('h3[class="vrTitle"]').find('a').text().encode('utf8').strip()

    3、抓取链接

      抓取代码:url = element('h3[class="vrTitle"]').find('a').attr('href')

    4、抓取日期

      抓取代码:strdate = element('p[class="news-from"]').text().encode('utf8').strip()

    5、抓取来源

      抓取代码:strSources = dochtml('span[class="wzof"]').text().encode('utf8').strip().split(':')

  

  四、完整代码

# coding=utf-8
import os
import re
from selenium import webdriver
import selenium.webdriver.support.ui as ui
import time
from datetime import datetime
import IniFile
# from threading import Thread
from pyquery import PyQuery as pq
import LogFile
import mongoDB
import urllib
class sogouSpider(object):
def __init__(self): logfile = os.path.join(os.path.dirname(os.getcwd()), time.strftime('%Y-%m-%d') + '.txt')
self.log = LogFile.LogFile(logfile)
configfile = os.path.join(os.path.dirname(os.getcwd()), 'setting.conf')
cf = IniFile.ConfigFile(configfile)
self.webSearchUrl_list = cf.GetValue("sogou", "webSearchUrl").split(';')
self.keyword_list = cf.GetValue("section", "information_keywords").split(';')
self.db = mongoDB.mongoDbBase()
self.start_urls = []
for word in self.keyword_list:
keyword = urllib.quote(word)
for url in self.webSearchUrl_list:
self.start_urls.append(url + keyword) self.driver = webdriver.PhantomJS()
self.wait = ui.WebDriverWait(self.driver, 2)
self.driver.maximize_window() def Comapre_to_days(self,leftdate, rightdate):
'''
比较连个字符串日期,左边日期大于右边日期多少天
:param leftdate: 格式:2017-04-15
:param rightdate: 格式:2017-04-15
:return: 天数
'''
l_time = time.mktime(time.strptime(leftdate, '%Y-%m-%d'))
r_time = time.mktime(time.strptime(rightdate, '%Y-%m-%d'))
result = int(l_time - r_time) / 86400
return result def date_isValid(self, strDateText):
'''
判断日期时间字符串是否合法:如果给定时间大于当前时间是合法,或者说当前时间给定的范围内
:param strDateText: 四种格式 '慧聪网 7小时前'; '新浪游戏 29分钟前' ; '中国行业研究网 2017-6-13'
:return: True:合法;False:不合法
'''
currentDate = time.strftime('%Y-%m-%d')
source = strDateText.split(' ')[0]
if strDateText.find('分钟前') > 0:
return True, source, currentDate
elif strDateText.find('小时前') > 0:
datePattern = re.compile(r'\d{1,2}')
ch = int(time.strftime('%H')) # 当前小时数
strDate = re.findall(datePattern, strDateText)
if len(strDate) == 1:
if int(strDate[0]) <= ch: # 只有小于当前小时数,才认为是今天
return True, source, currentDate
else:
datePattern = re.compile(r'\d{4}-\d{1,2}-\d{1,2}')
strDate = re.findall(datePattern, strDateText)
if len(strDate) == 1:
if self.Comapre_to_days(currentDate, strDate[0]) == 0:
return True, source, currentDate
return False, '', '' def log_print(self, msg):
'''
# 日志函数
# :param msg: 日志信息
# :return:
# '''
print '%s: %s' % (time.strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H-%M-%S'), msg) def scrapy_date(self):
strsplit = '------------------------------------------------------------------------------------'
for link in self.start_urls:
self.driver.get(link)
selenium_html = self.driver.execute_script("return document.documentElement.outerHTML")
doc = pq(selenium_html) infoList = [] self.log.WriteLog(strsplit)
self.log_print(strsplit)
Elements = doc('div[class="news151102"]')
for element in Elements.items():
strdate = element('p[class="news-from"]').text().encode('utf8').strip()
flag, source, date = self.date_isValid(strdate)
if flag:
title = element('h3[class="vrTitle"]').find('a').text().encode('utf8').strip()
for keyword in self.keyword_list:
if title.find(keyword) > -1:
url = element('h3[class="vrTitle"]').find('a').attr('href')
dictM = {'title': title, 'date': date,
'url': url, 'keyword': keyword, 'introduction': title, 'source': source}
infoList.append(dictM)
self.log.WriteLog('title:%s' % title)
self.log.WriteLog('url:%s' % url)
self.log.WriteLog('source:%s' % source)
self.log.WriteLog('kword:%s' % keyword)
self.log.WriteLog(strsplit) self.log_print('title:%s' % dictM['title'])
self.log_print('url:%s' % dictM['url'])
self.log_print('date:%s' % dictM['date'])
self.log_print('source:%s' % dictM['source'])
self.log_print('kword:%s' % dictM['keyword'])
self.log_print(strsplit)
break
if len(infoList)>0:
self.db.SaveInformations(infoList) self.driver.close()
self.driver.quit() obj = sogouSpider()
obj.scrapy_date()