FragmentTabHost这个控件每次切换Fragment,都会走Fragment的onCreateView和onDestroyView方法,多以每次切换都会创建和销毁Fragment实例,先来看一下FragmentTabHost的部分源码:

   @Nullable
private FragmentTransaction doTabChanged(@Nullable String tag,
@Nullable FragmentTransaction ft) {
final TabInfo newTab = getTabInfoForTag(tag);
if (mLastTab != newTab) {
if (ft == null) {
ft = mFragmentManager.beginTransaction();
} if (mLastTab != null) {
if (mLastTab.fragment != null) {
ft.detach(mLastTab.fragment);
}
} if (newTab != null) {
if (newTab.fragment == null) {
newTab.fragment = Fragment.instantiate(mContext,
newTab.clss.getName(), newTab.args);
ft.add(mContainerId, newTab.fragment, newTab.tag);
} else {
ft.attach(newTab.fragment);
}
} mLastTab = newTab;
} return ft;
}

根据FragmentTabHost的源码我们可知,Fragment是使用detachattach切换的,我们把切换方式换为hideshow就行了;(FragmentTabHost的源码中,不止doTabChanged方法中有Fragment的切换,需要把切换方式全部换了)

自定义FragmentTabHost:

package choi.ccb.com.fragmenttabhostdemo.view;
/**
* CCB:使用hide和show切换Fragment,保存Fragment实例;
*/
/*
* Copyright (C) 2012 The Android Open Source Project
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/ import java.util.ArrayList; import android.content.Context;
import android.content.res.TypedArray;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Parcel;
import android.os.Parcelable;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentManager;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentTransaction;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.FrameLayout;
import android.widget.LinearLayout;
import android.widget.TabHost;
import android.widget.TabWidget; /**
* Special TabHost that allows the use of {@link Fragment} objects for its tab
* content. When placing this in a view hierarchy, after inflating the hierarchy
* you must call {@link #setup(Context, FragmentManager, int)} to complete the
* initialization of the tab host.
*
* <p>
* Here is a simple example of using a FragmentTabHost in an Activity:
*
* {@sample
* development/samples/Support4Demos/src/com/example/android/supportv4/app/
* FragmentTabs.java complete}
*
* <p>
* This can also be used inside of a fragment through fragment nesting:
*
* {@sample
* development/samples/Support4Demos/src/com/example/android/supportv4/app/
* FragmentTabsFragmentSupport.java complete}
*/
public class FragmentTabHost extends TabHost implements
TabHost.OnTabChangeListener {
private final ArrayList<TabInfo> mTabs = new ArrayList<TabInfo>();
private FrameLayout mRealTabContent;
private Context mContext;
private FragmentManager mFragmentManager;
private int mContainerId;
private OnTabChangeListener mOnTabChangeListener;
private TabInfo mLastTab;
private boolean mAttached; static final class TabInfo {
private final String tag;
private final Class<?> clss;
private final Bundle args;
private Fragment fragment; TabInfo(String _tag, Class<?> _class, Bundle _args) {
tag = _tag;
clss = _class;
args = _args;
}
} static class DummyTabFactory implements TabContentFactory {
private final Context mContext; public DummyTabFactory(Context context) {
mContext = context;
} @Override
public View createTabContent(String tag) {
View v = new View(mContext);
v.setMinimumWidth(0);
v.setMinimumHeight(0);
return v;
}
} static class SavedState extends BaseSavedState {
String curTab; SavedState(Parcelable superState) {
super(superState);
} private SavedState(Parcel in) {
super(in);
curTab = in.readString();
} @Override
public void writeToParcel(Parcel out, int flags) {
super.writeToParcel(out, flags);
out.writeString(curTab);
} @Override
public String toString() {
return "FragmentTabHost.SavedState{"
+ Integer.toHexString(System.identityHashCode(this))
+ " curTab=" + curTab + "}";
} public static final Creator<SavedState> CREATOR = new Creator<SavedState>() {
public SavedState createFromParcel(Parcel in) {
return new SavedState(in);
} public SavedState[] newArray(int size) {
return new SavedState[size];
}
};
} public FragmentTabHost(Context context) {
// Note that we call through to the version that takes an AttributeSet,
// because the simple Context construct can result in a broken object!
super(context, null);
initFragmentTabHost(context, null);
} public FragmentTabHost(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
super(context, attrs);
initFragmentTabHost(context, attrs);
} private void initFragmentTabHost(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
TypedArray a = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs,
new int[] { android.R.attr.inflatedId }, 0, 0);
mContainerId = a.getResourceId(0, 0);
a.recycle(); super.setOnTabChangedListener(this);
} private void ensureHierarchy(Context context) {
// If owner hasn't made its own view hierarchy, then as a convenience
// we will construct a standard one here.
if (findViewById(android.R.id.tabs) == null) {
LinearLayout ll = new LinearLayout(context);
ll.setOrientation(LinearLayout.VERTICAL);
addView(ll, new LayoutParams(
ViewGroup.LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT,
ViewGroup.LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT)); TabWidget tw = new TabWidget(context);
tw.setId(android.R.id.tabs);
tw.setOrientation(TabWidget.HORIZONTAL);
ll.addView(tw, new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(
ViewGroup.LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT,
ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, 0)); FrameLayout fl = new FrameLayout(context);
fl.setId(android.R.id.tabcontent);
ll.addView(fl, new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(0, 0, 0)); mRealTabContent = fl = new FrameLayout(context);
mRealTabContent.setId(mContainerId);
ll.addView(fl, new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(
LinearLayout.LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT, 0, 1));
}
} /**
* @deprecated Don't call the original TabHost setup, you must instead call
* {@link #setup(Context, FragmentManager)} or
* {@link #setup(Context, FragmentManager, int)}.
*/
@Override
@Deprecated
public void setup() {
throw new IllegalStateException(
"Must call setup() that takes a Context and FragmentManager");
} public void setup(Context context, FragmentManager manager) {
ensureHierarchy(context); // Ensure views required by super.setup()
super.setup();
mContext = context;
mFragmentManager = manager;
ensureContent();
} public void setup(Context context, FragmentManager manager, int containerId) {
ensureHierarchy(context); // Ensure views required by super.setup()
super.setup();
mContext = context;
mFragmentManager = manager;
mContainerId = containerId;
ensureContent();
mRealTabContent.setId(containerId); // We must have an ID to be able to save/restore our state. If
// the owner hasn't set one at this point, we will set it ourself.
if (getId() == View.NO_ID) {
setId(android.R.id.tabhost);
}
} private void ensureContent() {
if (mRealTabContent == null) {
mRealTabContent = (FrameLayout) findViewById(mContainerId);
if (mRealTabContent == null) {
throw new IllegalStateException(
"No tab content FrameLayout found for id "
+ mContainerId);
}
}
} @Override
public void setOnTabChangedListener(OnTabChangeListener l) {
mOnTabChangeListener = l;
} public void addTab(TabSpec tabSpec, Class<?> clss, Bundle args) {
tabSpec.setContent(new DummyTabFactory(mContext));
String tag = tabSpec.getTag(); TabInfo info = new TabInfo(tag, clss, args); if (mAttached) {
// If we are already attached to the window, then check to make
// sure this tab's fragment is inactive if it exists. This shouldn't
// normally happen.
info.fragment = mFragmentManager.findFragmentByTag(tag);
if (info.fragment != null && !info.fragment.isDetached()) {
FragmentTransaction ft = mFragmentManager.beginTransaction();
// ft.detach(info.fragment);
ft.hide(info.fragment);
ft.commit();
}
} mTabs.add(info);
addTab(tabSpec);
} @Override
protected void onAttachedToWindow() {
super.onAttachedToWindow(); String currentTab = getCurrentTabTag(); // Go through all tabs and make sure their fragments match
// the correct state.
FragmentTransaction ft = null;
for (int i = 0; i < mTabs.size(); i++) {
TabInfo tab = mTabs.get(i);
tab.fragment = mFragmentManager.findFragmentByTag(tab.tag);
// if (tab.fragment != null && !tab.fragment.isDetached()) {
if (tab.fragment != null) {
if (tab.tag.equals(currentTab)) {
// The fragment for this tab is already there and
// active, and it is what we really want to have
// as the current tab. Nothing to do.
mLastTab = tab;
} else {
// This fragment was restored in the active state,
// but is not the current tab. Deactivate it.
if (ft == null) {
ft = mFragmentManager.beginTransaction();
}
// ft.detach(tab.fragment);
ft.hide(tab.fragment);
}
}
} // We are now ready to go. Make sure we are switched to the
// correct tab.
mAttached = true;
ft = doTabChanged(currentTab, ft);
if (ft != null) {
ft.commitAllowingStateLoss();
mFragmentManager.executePendingTransactions();
}
} @Override
protected void onDetachedFromWindow() {
super.onDetachedFromWindow();
mAttached = false;
} @Override
protected Parcelable onSaveInstanceState() {
Parcelable superState = super.onSaveInstanceState();
SavedState ss = new SavedState(superState);
ss.curTab = getCurrentTabTag();
return ss;
} @Override
protected void onRestoreInstanceState(Parcelable state) {
SavedState ss = (SavedState) state;
super.onRestoreInstanceState(ss.getSuperState());
setCurrentTabByTag(ss.curTab);
} @Override
public void onTabChanged(String tabId) {
if (mAttached) {
FragmentTransaction ft = doTabChanged(tabId, null);
if (ft != null) {
ft.commit();
}
}
if (mOnTabChangeListener != null) {
mOnTabChangeListener.onTabChanged(tabId);
}
} private FragmentTransaction doTabChanged(String tabId,
FragmentTransaction ft) {
TabInfo newTab = null;
for (int i = 0; i < mTabs.size(); i++) {
TabInfo tab = mTabs.get(i);
if (tab.tag.equals(tabId)) {
newTab = tab;
}
}
if (newTab == null) {
throw new IllegalStateException("No tab known for tag " + tabId);
}
if (mLastTab != newTab) {
if (ft == null) {
ft = mFragmentManager.beginTransaction();
}
if (mLastTab != null) {
if (mLastTab.fragment != null) {
// ft.detach(mLastTab.fragment);
ft.hide(mLastTab.fragment);
}
}
if (newTab != null) {
if (newTab.fragment == null) {
newTab.fragment = Fragment.instantiate(mContext,
newTab.clss.getName(), newTab.args);
ft.add(mContainerId, newTab.fragment, newTab.tag);
} else {
// ft.attach(newTab.fragment);
ft.show(newTab.fragment);
}
} mLastTab = newTab;
}
return ft;
}
}

把之前的FragmentTabHost替换为这个就行了

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