前言:

项目开发中遇到了需要将HTML页面的内容导出为一个word文档,所以有了这边随笔。

当然,项目开发又时间有点紧迫,第一时间想到的是用插件,所以百度了下。下面就介绍两个导出word文档的方法。

法一:通过jquery.wordexport.js导出word

备注:兼容IE9以上

大概浏览了下jquery.wordexport.js插件的代码,了解到了通过该插件可以导出文本和图片,而图片首先通过canvas的形式

绘制,文本则需要再依赖FileSaver.js插件,FileSaver.js插件则主要通过H5的文件操作新特性new Blob()和new FileReader()

来实现文本的导出。

插件源码:

FileSaver.js

 /* FileSaver.js
* A saveAs() FileSaver implementation.
* 1.3.2
* 2016-06-16 18:25:19
*
* By Eli Grey, http://eligrey.com
* License: MIT
* See https://github.com/eligrey/FileSaver.js/blob/master/LICENSE.md
*/ /*global self */
/*jslint bitwise: true, indent: 4, laxbreak: true, laxcomma: true, smarttabs: true, plusplus: true */ /*! @source http://purl.eligrey.com/github/FileSaver.js/blob/master/FileSaver.js */ var saveAs = saveAs || (function(view) {
"use strict";
// IE <10 is explicitly unsupported
if (typeof view === "undefined" || typeof navigator !== "undefined" && /MSIE [-]\./.test(navigator.userAgent)) {
return;
}
var
doc = view.document
// only get URL when necessary in case Blob.js hasn't overridden it yet
, get_URL = function() {
return view.URL || view.webkitURL || view;
}
, save_link = doc.createElementNS("http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml", "a")
, can_use_save_link = "download" in save_link
, click = function(node) {
var event = new MouseEvent("click");
node.dispatchEvent(event);
}
, is_safari = /constructor/i.test(view.HTMLElement)
, is_chrome_ios =/CriOS\/[\d]+/.test(navigator.userAgent)
, throw_outside = function(ex) {
(view.setImmediate || view.setTimeout)(function() {
throw ex;
}, );
}
, force_saveable_type = "application/octet-stream"
// the Blob API is fundamentally broken as there is no "downloadfinished" event to subscribe to
, arbitrary_revoke_timeout = * // in ms
, revoke = function(file) {
var revoker = function() {
if (typeof file === "string") { // file is an object URL
get_URL().revokeObjectURL(file);
} else { // file is a File
file.remove();
}
};
setTimeout(revoker, arbitrary_revoke_timeout);
}
, dispatch = function(filesaver, event_types, event) {
event_types = [].concat(event_types);
var i = event_types.length;
while (i--) {
var listener = filesaver["on" + event_types[i]];
if (typeof listener === "function") {
try {
listener.call(filesaver, event || filesaver);
} catch (ex) {
throw_outside(ex);
}
}
}
}
, auto_bom = function(blob) {
// prepend BOM for UTF-8 XML and text/* types (including HTML)
// note: your browser will automatically convert UTF-16 U+FEFF to EF BB BF
if (/^\s*(?:text\/\S*|application\/xml|\S*\/\S*\+xml)\s*;.*charset\s*=\s*utf-/i.test(blob.type)) {
return new Blob([String.fromCharCode(0xFEFF), blob], {type: blob.type});
}
return blob;
}
, FileSaver = function(blob, name, no_auto_bom) {
if (!no_auto_bom) {
blob = auto_bom(blob);
}
// First try a.download, then web filesystem, then object URLs
var
filesaver = this
, type = blob.type
, force = type === force_saveable_type
, object_url
, dispatch_all = function() {
dispatch(filesaver, "writestart progress write writeend".split(" "));
}
// on any filesys errors revert to saving with object URLs
, fs_error = function() {
if ((is_chrome_ios || (force && is_safari)) && view.FileReader) {
// Safari doesn't allow downloading of blob urls
var reader = new FileReader();
reader.onloadend = function() {
var url = is_chrome_ios ? reader.result : reader.result.replace(/^data:[^;]*;/, 'data:attachment/file;');
var popup = view.open(url, '_blank');
if(!popup) view.location.href = url;
url=undefined; // release reference before dispatching
filesaver.readyState = filesaver.DONE;
dispatch_all();
};
reader.readAsDataURL(blob);
filesaver.readyState = filesaver.INIT;
return;
}
// don't create more object URLs than needed
if (!object_url) {
object_url = get_URL().createObjectURL(blob);
}
if (force) {
view.location.href = object_url;
} else {
var opened = view.open(object_url, "_blank");
if (!opened) {
// Apple does not allow window.open, see https://developer.apple.com/library/safari/documentation/Tools/Conceptual/SafariExtensionGuide/WorkingwithWindowsandTabs/WorkingwithWindowsandTabs.html
view.location.href = object_url;
}
}
filesaver.readyState = filesaver.DONE;
dispatch_all();
revoke(object_url);
}
;
filesaver.readyState = filesaver.INIT; if (can_use_save_link) {
object_url = get_URL().createObjectURL(blob);
setTimeout(function() {
save_link.href = object_url;
save_link.download = name;
click(save_link);
dispatch_all();
revoke(object_url);
filesaver.readyState = filesaver.DONE;
});
return;
} fs_error();
}
, FS_proto = FileSaver.prototype
, saveAs = function(blob, name, no_auto_bom) {
return new FileSaver(blob, name || blob.name || "download", no_auto_bom);
}
;
// IE 10+ (native saveAs)
if (typeof navigator !== "undefined" && navigator.msSaveOrOpenBlob) {
return function(blob, name, no_auto_bom) {
name = name || blob.name || "download"; if (!no_auto_bom) {
blob = auto_bom(blob);
}
return navigator.msSaveOrOpenBlob(blob, name);
};
} FS_proto.abort = function(){};
FS_proto.readyState = FS_proto.INIT = ;
FS_proto.WRITING = ;
FS_proto.DONE = ; FS_proto.error =
FS_proto.onwritestart =
FS_proto.onprogress =
FS_proto.onwrite =
FS_proto.onabort =
FS_proto.onerror =
FS_proto.onwriteend =
null; return saveAs;
}(
typeof self !== "undefined" && self
|| typeof window !== "undefined" && window
|| this.content
));
// `self` is undefined in Firefox for Android content script context
// while `this` is nsIContentFrameMessageManager
// with an attribute `content` that corresponds to the window if (typeof module !== "undefined" && module.exports) {
module.exports.saveAs = saveAs;
} else if ((typeof define !== "undefined" && define !== null) && (define.amd !== null)) {
define([], function() {
return saveAs;
});
}

jquery.wordexport.js

 if (typeof jQuery !== "undefined" && typeof saveAs !== "undefined") {
(function($) {
$.fn.wordExport = function(fileName) {
fileName = typeof fileName !== 'undefined' ? fileName : "jQuery-Word-Export";
var static = {
mhtml: {
top: "Mime-Version: 1.0\nContent-Base: " + location.href + "\nContent-Type: Multipart/related; boundary=\"NEXT.ITEM-BOUNDARY\";type=\"text/html\"\n\n--NEXT.ITEM-BOUNDARY\nContent-Type: text/html; charset=\"utf-8\"\nContent-Location: " + location.href + "\n\n<!DOCTYPE html>\n<html>\n_html_</html>",
head: "<head>\n<meta http-equiv=\"Content-Type\" content=\"text/html; charset=utf-8\">\n<style>\n_styles_\n</style>\n</head>\n",
body: "<body>_body_</body>"
}
};
var options = {
maxWidth:
};
// Clone selected element before manipulating it
var markup = $(this).clone(); // Remove hidden elements from the output
markup.each(function() {
var self = $(this);
if (self.is(':hidden'))
self.remove();
}); // Embed all images using Data URLs
var images = Array();
var img = markup.find('img');
for (var i = ; i < img.length; i++) {
// Calculate dimensions of output image
var w = Math.min(img[i].width, options.maxWidth);
var h = img[i].height * (w / img[i].width);
// Create canvas for converting image to data URL
var canvas = document.createElement("CANVAS");
canvas.width = w;
canvas.height = h;
// Draw image to canvas
var context = canvas.getContext('2d');
context.drawImage(img[i], , , w, h);
// Get data URL encoding of image
var uri = canvas.toDataURL("image/png/jpg");
$(img[i]).attr("src", img[i].src);
img[i].width = w;
img[i].height = h;
// Save encoded image to array
images[i] = {
type: uri.substring(uri.indexOf(":") + , uri.indexOf(";")),
encoding: uri.substring(uri.indexOf(";") + , uri.indexOf(",")),
location: $(img[i]).attr("src"),
data: uri.substring(uri.indexOf(",") + )
};
} // Prepare bottom of mhtml file with image data
var mhtmlBottom = "\n";
for (var i = ; i < images.length; i++) {
mhtmlBottom += "--NEXT.ITEM-BOUNDARY\n";
mhtmlBottom += "Content-Location: " + images[i].location + "\n";
mhtmlBottom += "Content-Type: " + images[i].type + "\n";
mhtmlBottom += "Content-Transfer-Encoding: " + images[i].encoding + "\n\n";
mhtmlBottom += images[i].data + "\n\n";
}
mhtmlBottom += "--NEXT.ITEM-BOUNDARY--"; //TODO: load css from included stylesheet //var styles=' /* Font Definitions */@font-face{font-family:宋体;panose-1:2 1 6 0 3 1 1 1 1 1;mso-font-alt:SimSun;mso-font-charset:134;mso-generic-font-family:auto;mso-font-pitch:variable;mso-font-signature:3 680460288 22 0 262145 0;} @font-face{font-family:"Cambria Math";panose-1:2 4 5 3 5 4 6 3 2 4;mso-font-charset:1;mso-generic-font-family:roman;mso-font-format:other;mso-font-pitch:variable;mso-font-signature:0 0 0 0 0 0;} @font-face{font-family:"\@宋体";panose-1:2 1 6 0 3 1 1 1 1 1;mso-font-charset:134;mso-generic-font-family:auto;mso-font-pitch:variable;mso-font-signature:3 680460288 22 0 262145 0;}/* Style Definitions */p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal{mso-style-unhide:no;mso-style-qformat:yes;mso-style-parent:"";margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;mso-pagination:widow-orphan;font-size:14.0pt;font-family:宋体;mso-bidi-font-family:宋体;}p.MsoHeader, li.MsoHeader, div.MsoHeader{mso-style-noshow:yes;mso-style-priority:99;mso-style-link:"页眉 Char";margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:center;mso-pagination:widow-orphan;layout-grid-mode:char;font-size:9.0pt;font-family:宋体;mso-bidi-font-family:宋体;}p.MsoFooter, li.MsoFooter, div.MsoFooter{mso-style-noshow:yes;mso-style-priority:99;mso-style-link:"页脚 Char";margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;mso-pagination:widow-orphan;layout-grid-mode:char;font-size:9.0pt;font-family:宋体;mso-bidi-font-family:宋体;}p.MsoAcetate, li.MsoAcetate, div.MsoAcetate{mso-style-noshow:yes;mso-style-priority:99;mso-style-link:"批注框文本 Char";margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;mso-pagination:widow-orphan;font-size:9.0pt;font-family:宋体;mso-bidi-font-family:宋体;}span.Char{mso-style-name:"页眉 Char";mso-style-noshow:yes;mso-style-priority:99;mso-style-unhide:no;mso-style-locked:yes;mso-style-link:页眉;font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:宋体;mso-fareast-font-family:宋体;mso-hansi-font-family:宋体;}span.Char0{mso-style-name:"页脚 Char";mso-style-noshow:yes;mso-style-priority:99;mso-style-unhide:no;mso-style-locked:yes;mso-style-link:页脚;font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:宋体;mso-fareast-font-family:宋体;mso-hansi-font-family:宋体;}span.Char1{mso-style-name:"批注框文本 Char";mso-style-noshow:yes;mso-style-priority:99;mso-style-unhide:no;mso-style-locked:yes;mso-style-link:批注框文本;font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:宋体;mso-fareast-font-family:宋体;mso-hansi-font-family:宋体;}p.msochpdefault, li.msochpdefault, div.msochpdefault{mso-style-name:msochpdefault;mso-style-unhide:no;mso-margin-top-alt:auto;margin-right:0cm;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;margin-left:0cm;mso-pagination:widow-orphan;font-size:10.0pt;font-family:宋体;mso-bidi-font-family:宋体;}span.msonormal0{mso-style-name:msonormal;mso-style-unhide:no;}.MsoChpDefault{mso-style-type:export-only;mso-default-props:yes;font-size:10.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-font-kerning:0pt;}/* Page Definitions */ @page WordSection1{size:595.3pt 841.9pt;margin:72.0pt 90.0pt 72.0pt 90.0pt;mso-header-margin:42.55pt;mso-footer-margin:49.6pt;mso-paper-source:0;}div.WordSection1{page:WordSection1;}'; var styles=""; // Aggregate parts of the file together
var fileContent = static.mhtml.top.replace("_html_", static.mhtml.head.replace("_styles_", styles) + static.mhtml.body.replace("_body_", markup.html())) + mhtmlBottom; // Create a Blob with the file contents
var blob = new Blob([fileContent], {
type: "application/msword;charset=utf-8"
});
saveAs(blob, fileName + ".doc");
};
})(jQuery);
} else {
if (typeof jQuery === "undefined") {
console.error("jQuery Word Export: missing dependency (jQuery)");
}
if (typeof saveAs === "undefined") {
console.error("jQuery Word Export: missing dependency (FileSaver.js)");
}
}

插件调用:

 <!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head lang="en">
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>生成word文档</title>
</head>
<body lang=ZH-CN style='tab-interval:21.0pt'>
<div class="word">
<p align="center" style="font-size:20pt;font-weight:bold;">JS导出Word文档</p>
</div>
<input type="button" value="导出word">
<script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/2.2.4/jquery.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="js/FileSaver.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="js/jquery.wordexport.js"></script>
<script>
$(function(){
$("input[type='button']").click(function(event) {
$(".word").wordExport('生成word文档');
});
})
</script>
</body>
</html>

直接调用wordExport()接口就可以导出word文档,传的参数为导出的word文件名。

补充:

通过我们常规写的外联样式设置样式是无效的,通过个人的实践发现需要写内联样式才能生效,而单位也需要按照word的配置

单位pt设置。

而jquery.wordexport.js插件是要配置了个style样式让我们补充样式设置的:

但是个人实践了下,设置的样式却无法生效,只能通过内联设置才生效。

截图:

法二:通过百度js模板引擎生成word文档

主要是通过js模板设置对应的标签,然后XDoc.to(baidu.template())导出word,而通过百度js模板引擎的好处是也可以导出PDF文件。

完整demo:

 <!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<script type="text/javascript" src="http://www.xdocin.com/xdoc.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="http://www.xdocin.com/baiduTemplate.js"></script>
<style>
.head{
font-size: 29px;
display: block;
}
.content{
display: block;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<input type="button" onclick="gen('pdf')" value="生成PDF"/>
<input type="button" onclick="gen('docx')" value="生成Word"/>
<br/>
<script id="tmpl" type="text/html">
<xdoc version="A.3.0">
<body>
<para heading="1" lineSpacing="28">
<text class="head" valign="center" fontName="标宋" fontSize="29"><%=title%></text>
</para>
<para>
<img src="<%=img%>" sizeType="autosize"/>
</para>
<para lineSpacing="9">
<text class="content" fontName="仿宋" fontSize="18"><%=content%></text>
</para>
</body>
</xdoc>
</script>
<script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/2.2.4/jquery.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
var type="docx";//pdf
var data = {
title: "导出"+type+"文件",
img: "http://www.wordlm.com/uploads/allimg/130101/1_130101000405_1.jpg",
content: "我这样就可以导出"+type+"格式的文件了,是不是很方便",
};
function renderTemplate(){
var template=$("#tmpl").html();
var html=template.replace(/<%=title%>/,data.title)
.replace(/<%=img%>/,data.img)
.replace(/<%=content%>/,data.content);
$("body").append(html);
}
renderTemplate();
function gen(type) {
XDoc.to(baidu.template('tmpl', data), type, {}, "_blank");
}
console.log('http://www.xdocin.com/xml.html');
</script>
</body>
</html>

这里我通过renderTemplate函数叫js模板渲染到HTML中,实现了文本的展示和导出内容的结合。而因为这里导出的word文档是需要特别设置样式的,所以在页面样式展示下我们可以通过添加.class的方式设置。

附部分导出word文档样式设置:

截图:

更多参考:

FileSave.js:https://github.com/eligrey/FileSaver.js

百度导出文档模板:http://www.xdocin.com/xml.html