原文: http://www.cnblogs.com/pasoraku/archive/2012/10/25/2738428.htmlWPF的Binding学习笔记(二)

上次学了点点Binding的皮毛, 然后就做别的事去了, 等回头再来看WPF的时候, 哈忘记了~

于是写个例子补一下, 在继续学习Binding.

1, 首先准备好一个类

public class Hero
{
  public Hero(int id, string name, string skill, bool hasM)
  {
    this.Name = name;
    this.Id = id;
    this.Skill = skill;
    this.HasM = hasM;   }
  public int Id { get; set; }
  public string Name { get; set; }
  public string Skill { get;  set; }
  public bool HasM { get; set; }
}

2, 在MainWindow中准备好数据

Dictionary<string, Hero> map = new Dictionary<string, Hero>();

private void InitDictionary()
{
    Hero hero1 = new Hero(1, "刘备", "哭泣", true);
    map.Add(hero1.Name, hero1);
    Hero hero2 = new Hero(2, "官羽", "贪污", false);
    map.Add(hero2.Name, hero2);
    Hero hero3 = new Hero(3, "黄忠", "射击", true);
    map.Add(hero3.Name, hero3);
    Hero hero4 = new Hero(4, "魏延", "突击", true);
    map.Add(hero4.Name, hero4);
    Hero hero5 = new Hero(5, "马超", "单挑", false);
    map.Add(hero5.Name, hero5);
    Hero hero6 = new Hero(6, "曹仁", "防守", true);
    map.Add(hero6.Name, hero6);
}

然后XAML这边是这样的

1, 先准备好template

<Window.Resources>
    <DataTemplate x:Key="nameDT">
        <TextBlock x:Name="textBoxName" Text="{Binding Name}" />
    </DataTemplate>
    <DataTemplate x:Key="skillDT">
        <TextBlock x:Name="textBoxSkill" Text="{Binding Skill}" />
    </DataTemplate>
    <DataTemplate x:Key="hmDT">
        <CheckBox x:Name="checkBoxJob" IsChecked="{Binding HasM}" />
    </DataTemplate>
</Window.Resources>

2, 界面

<Grid Margin="5" >
    <ListView x:Name="listViewStudent">
        <ListView.View>
            <GridView>
                <GridViewColumn Header="ID" DisplayMemberBinding="{Binding Id}" />
                <GridViewColumn Header="姓名" CellTemplate="{StaticResource nameDT}" />
                <GridViewColumn Header="技术" CellTemplate="{StaticResource skillDT}" />
                <GridViewColumn Header="已婚" CellTemplate="{StaticResource hmDT}" />
            </GridView>
        </ListView.View>
    </ListView>
</Grid>

3, 就是上一篇笔记中记载的Binding方法了

public Window1()
{
    InitializeComponent();
    InitDictionary();
    Binding binding = new Binding();
    binding.Source = map;
    binding.Path = new PropertyPath("Values");
    listViewStudent.SetBinding(ListView.ItemsSourceProperty, binding);
}

好了, 运行!一切OK~

界面出来啦

等等! 好像和上次有点不太一样, 少了一步吧? 数据源没有实现INotifyPropertyChanged接口呢.

先不急, 测试下:

1, 加个button吧, XAML处的界面显示相关代码修改如下

<Grid Margin="5" >
    <Grid.RowDefinitions>
        <RowDefinition Height="3*" />
        <RowDefinition Height="1*"/>
    </Grid.RowDefinitions>
    <ListView x:Name="listViewStudent">
        <ListView.View>
            <GridView>
                <GridViewColumn Header="ID" DisplayMemberBinding="{Binding Id}" />
                <GridViewColumn Header="姓名" CellTemplate="{StaticResource nameDT}" />
                <GridViewColumn Header="技术" CellTemplate="{StaticResource skillDT}" />
                <GridViewColumn Header="已婚" CellTemplate="{StaticResource hjM}" />
            </GridView>
        </ListView.View>
    </ListView>
    <Button Grid.Row="1" Content="给官老爷正名!" Click="Button_Click" />
</Grid>

2, 填函数

private void Button_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    map["官羽"].Name = "关羽";
    map["官羽"].Skill = "单挑";
}

F5运行, 点击按钮, 发现没有得到预期的改变, 表格显示的数据动也不动. 好吧, 看来的确没有Binding, 只是单次的赋值而已, 没有"数据驱动"呀!

那么来补上准备数据源这一步

修改后的Hero类代码如下, 为了便于比较, 实现了Skill, 而不实现Name等其他属性.

public class Hero : INotifyPropertyChanged
{
    public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;//请注意

    public Hero(int id, string name, string skill, bool hasJob)
    {
        this.Name = name;
        this.Id = id;
        this.Skill = skill;
        this.HasM = hasM;
    }
    public int Id { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; }    public bool HasM { get; set; }
    private string skill;
    public string Skill
    {
        get
        {
            return skill;
        }
        set
        {
            skill = value;
            //触发事件//请注意
            if (PropertyChanged != null)
            {
                PropertyChanged.Invoke(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs("Skill"));
            }
        }
    }
}

好了, F5运行, 效果如下