一 . 临门一脚
1. “I believe in human ingenuity – that when we decide on a task to be done, no matter how daunting it may seem at the beginning, we are able to unleash human ingenuity and human innovative capacity that was unknown, and takes us to a solution.”
– Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
「我相信人类的创新力 – 当我们决定完成一个任务时，不管开始看来多么困难，我们都能释出创新及原来不知道的创造能力，并带我们找到解决办法。」- 克莉丝缇亚娜·费盖雷斯 (联合国气候变迁首长)
克莉丝缇亚娜·费盖雷斯 (1956- ) 是联合国气候变化纲要公约的秘书长，致力改善全球气候暖化 60 年之久，2015 年通过遏阻全球暖化的历史性巴黎协定，确保全球升温抑制在「远低于」摄氏 2 度。
2. “I’ve never been one who enjoys maintaining the status quo. I’m always pushing for new ideas, whether it’s in business or philanthropy.”
– Eli Broad, Entrepreneur
「我从来就不会满足现状，我不断开创新想法，不管是在商界或慈善事业。」- 伊莱·博德 (企业家)
伊莱·博德 (1933- ) 是美国企业家及慈善家，创立了建设公司 KB Home 及金融保险公司 SunAmerica，前者在纽约上市，后者则被 AIG 并购，《财星》杂志在 2015 年将他列为全球第 65 富有的人。
3. “My goal is to constantly be improving. Year after year you can grow as a player, just as in life. You can always learn something new. And sometimes in the moment you can reveal something in yourself.”
– Lionel Messi, Soccer Player
「我的目标是持续的进步，年覆一年身为球员的你会成长，就像在人生里一样，你永远都可以学到新的东西，而有时候你会发现自己另一面。」- 利昂内尔·梅西 (足球员)
利昂内尔·梅西 (1987- ) 为阿根廷足球顶尖球员，职业足球效力于西班牙明星队伍巴塞隆纳，横扫多项赛事冠军，包括 4 次欧洲冠军联赛冠军，并获得 5 届金球奖和世界足球先生头衔。
“When life puts you in tough situations, don’t say ‘Why Me?’ Just say ‘Try Me.’”
– Dwayne Johnson, Professional Wrestler
「当你面临困难的处境，不要说『为何是我？』，说『来试试我。』」– 道恩‧强森 (职业摔角手)
道恩‧强森 (1972- ) 为美国职业摔角手，外号 The Rock (巨石强森)，是 WWE 人气最高的选手之一，赢得冠军头衔达 16 次之多，他的知名度让他转战电影业，处女秀为 The Scorpion King (魔蝎大帝)。
“Your success will not be determined by your gender or your ethnicity, but only on the scope of your dreams and your hard work to achieve them.”
– Zaha Hadid, Architect
「你的成功不是取决于你的性别或族群，它仅取决在你梦想的规模，以及为达成所做的努力。」– 札哈·哈蒂 (建筑师)
札哈·哈蒂 (1950-2016) 出生伊拉克，后来定居英国，是首位获得「普利兹克建筑奖」的女性建筑师，她的设计前卫、常融入具未来感的曲线，带来强烈视觉效果，知名作品有伦敦水上运动中心、西班牙萨拉戈萨桥及广州大剧院等。
6.“Only if we understand, will we care. Only if we care, will we help. Only if we help shall all be saved.”
– Jane Goodall, Ethologist
「唯有了解，我们才会关心；唯有关心，我们才会去帮忙；唯有去帮忙，我们才能得救。」– 珍·古德 (动物行为学家)
珍·古德 (1934- ) 是英国动物学家，长期从事黑猩猩的野外研究，改写了人类与动物关系的科学观点，她也是著名的动保人士，教育青年关怀自然环境，曾荣获大英帝国勋章，并在 2002 年获颁联合国和平使者。
7.“Writing for me is cutting out the fat and getting to the meaning.”
– James McBride, Writer
「写作对我而言是去掉累赘的字，直接传达意思。」– 詹姆士‧麦克布莱德 (作家)
詹姆士‧麦克布莱德 (1957- ) 是美国作家，曾为《华盛顿邮报》、《纽约时报》等多家知名媒体撰稿，其回忆录《水的颜色》被视为美国经典文学，其小说 The Good Lord Bird 则在 2013 年获美国国家图书奖。
8. “Great necessities call out great virtues. When a mind is raised, and animated by scenes that engage the heart, then those qualities which would otherwise lay dormant, wake into life and form the character of the hero and the statesman.”
– Abigail Adams, First Lady of the U.S.
「巨大的需求会引发伟大的美德，当一个人长成、被感动人心的景像所鼓舞，那些原本潜藏的特质，就会被唤起进入生活，并形成英雄及政治家的性格。」– 艾碧该·亚当斯 (美国第一夫人)
艾碧该·亚当斯 (1744-1818) 是美国第二任总统约翰·亚当斯之妻，也是美国第六任总统约翰·昆西·亚当斯之母，她提倡妇女应有财产权和更多机会，特别是受教育，借此发展她们的智能。
9.“Adversity has the effect of eliciting talents, which in prosperous circumstances would have lain dormant.”
– Horace, Poet
「逆境可以引出一个人的才能，它在富足的环境只是潜伏著。」– 贺拉斯 (诗人)
贺拉斯 (65 BC – 8 BC) 是古罗马著名的诗人、评论家及翻译家，以用词优美多变且精准著称，代表作有《诗艺》，讲述诗歌的作用、艺术与生活的关系、文艺对教育的作用等。
“Let the future tell the truth, and evaluate each one according to his work and accomplishments. The present is theirs; the future, for which I have really worked, is mine.”
– Nikola Tesla, Inventor
「让未来述说真相，以工作成果及成就来评估一个人，现在属于他们的，但未来，我为它做了许多努力，是属于我的。」– 尼古拉·特斯拉 (发明家)
尼古拉·特斯拉 (1856-1943) 是塞尔维亚裔的美籍发明家、电力商业化的重要推动者，被认做是电机工程学的先驱，他的多项专利及电磁学的研究，更成为现代无线通信的基石。
11.“What drives me is a hard problem that hasn’t been solved, that has a really interesting and impactful solution. And for me it doesn’t even matter what the problem is. I just gravitate towards it.”
— Travis Kalanick, Uber Co-founder
「给我动力的是尚未解决的困难问题，且具有有趣及影响力深远的解决办法，是什么问题对我并不重要，我就是会向它靠拢。」– 崔维斯·卡兰尼克 (Uber 共同创办人)
impactful (adj.) 极有影响力的。gravitate (v.) 吸引。
崔维斯·卡兰尼克 (2009- ) 是乘车服务 Uber 的共同创办人及执行长，被《时代》杂志选为 2015 年排名第 6 的风云人物，他以五年的时间将 Uber 拓展至全球 66 个国家，被天提供 300 万次乘车服务，市值预估 625 亿美金，直逼世界第一大车厂 Volkswagen。
12.“You have to love what you do, whether it be gardening, hairdressing, etc. When you love it, then the money follows. Even if it doesn’t, you will still be happy. Being happy and poor is better than being unhappy and poor.”
— Jim Rogers, Investor
「你必须热爱你的工作，不管是园艺、剪发等等，如果你有热忱，钱就会跟着来，就算没有，你还是能得到快乐，贫穷但快乐比贫穷又不快乐还好。」– 詹姆士·罗杰斯 (投资家)
詹姆士·罗杰斯 (1942- ) 是投资界的的传奇人物，曾与索罗斯共同创立量子基金，以投资于商品期货闻名，有「商品大王」之称，他在 37 岁退休，环游世界后在哥伦比亚大学讲授金融课程，并常在媒体发表其看法。
方向： Imply, infer, deduce,
learn， show, demonstrate
如果知道人=男+女 和 乐乐--不是女 以下那个是正确的
could be inferred from the passage that in the author’s country the European
model of professional training is ________.
[A] dependent upon the starting age of
[B] worth trying in various social sections
[C] of little practical value
[D] attractive to every kind of
---- Many European schools
introduce the concept of professional training early on in order to make sure
children are properly equipped for the professions they want to join.
------- It is, however, presumptuous to
insist that there will only be so many jobs for so many scientists, so many
businessmen, so many accountants.
case of Schutt helmet demonstrated that ________.
[A] some injury claims were no longer
supported by law
[B] helmets were not designed to prevent
[C] product labels would eventually be
[D] some sports games might lose popularity
----“We’re really sorry he has become paralyzed, but helmets aren’t designed
to prevent those kinds of injuries,” says Nimmons.
last sentence of the first paragraph most probably implies that it is ________.
[A] customary of the educated to discard
ambition in words
[B] too late to check ambition once it has
been let out
[C] dishonest to deny ambition after the
fulfillment of the goal
[D] impractical for the educated to enjoy
benefits from ambition
---- There is heavy note of hypocrisy in this, a case of closing the
barn door after the horses have escaped -- with the educated themselves riding
joke about doctors implies that, in the eyes of nurses, they are ________.
[A] impolite to new arrivals
[B] very conscious of their godlike role
[C] entitled to some privileges
[D] very busy even during lunch hours
---- A man arrives in heaven and is being shown around by St. Peter. He
sees wonderful accommodations, beautiful gardens, sunny weather, and so on.
Everyone is very peaceful, polite and friendly until, waiting in a line for
lunch, the new arrival is suddenly pushed aside by a man in a white coat, who
rushes to the head of the line, grabs his food and stomps over to a table by
himself. “Who is that?” the new arrival asked St. Peter. “Oh, that’s God,” came
the reply, “but sometimes he thinks he’s a doctor.”
statement “it is all too monkey” (Last line, paragraph l) implies that
[A] monkeys are also outraged by slack
[B] resenting unfairness is also monkeys’
[C] monkeys, like humans, tend to be
jealous of each other
[D] no animals other than monkeys can
develop such emotions
------ But a study by Sarah Brosnan and
Frans de Waal of Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, which has just been
published in Nature, suggests that it all too monkey, as well.
------ Such behaviour is regarded as “all
------- Indeed, if he has a reputation for
slacking, you might even be outraged.
saying “Stratford cries poor traditionally” (Line 2-3, Paragraph 4), the author
implies that ________.
[A] Stratford cannot afford the expansion projects
[B] Stratford has long been in financial
[C] the town is not really short of money
[D] the townsfolk used to be poorly paid
--- Stratford cries poor traditionally.
--- Nevertheless every hotel in town seems to be adding a new wing or
cocktail lounge. Hilton is building its own hotel there, which you may be sure
will be decorated with Hamlet Hamburger Bars, the Lear Lounge, the Banquo
Banqueting Room, and so forth, and will be very expensive.
【2008】年 Alvarez 是single
sentence “I lived from paycheck to paycheck.” (Line 6, Para. 5) shows that
[A] Alvarez cared about nothing but making money.
[B] Alvarez’s salary barely covered her household expenses.
[C] Alvarez got paychecks from different jobs.
[D] Alvarez paid practically everything by check.
---- I lived
from paycheck to paycheck.”（本段最后一句）
the hardest thing to take care of a teenager, have a job, pay the rent, pay the
car payment, and pay the debt.
39. The story of John Dane shows that less
well-educated New Englanders were often __________.
[A] influenced by superstitions [B] troubled with religious beliefs
[C] puzzled by church sermons [D] frustrated with family earnings
----- A tailor named John Dane, who emigrated in the late 1630s, left an
account of his reasons for leaving England that is filled with signs. sexual
confusion, economic frustrations , and religious hope-all name together in a
decisive moment when he opened the Bible, told his father the first line he saw
would settle his fate, and read the magical words: “come out from among them,
touch no unclean thing , and I will be your God and you shall be my people.”
Their thinking often had a traditional superstitions quality.
author thinks the banks were "on the wrong planet" in that they
[A] misinterpreted market price indicators
[B] exaggerated the real value of their
[C] neglected the likely existence of bad
[D] denied booking losses in their sale of
---- It was banks that were on the wrong planet, with accounts that
vastly overvalued assets.
suggests in her article that raising a child can bring
---“I love My Children, I Hate My Life,” is
arousing much chatter – nothing gets people talking like the suggestion that
child rearing is anything less than a completely fulfilling, life-enriching
--- Senior writes that “the very things that
in the moment dampen our moods can later be sources of intense gratification
1. When asked about the ongoing uproar involving U.S. President Bill Clinton, most people say the affair involves a purely private matter. But many other people regard his actions as deplorable. I personally think the president committed impeachable offences.
2. When it comes to the increasing use of motor vehicles in Beijing, some people think that use should be limited. Others argue that the opposite is true. There is probably some truth to both arguments, but emission controls must be instituted regardless of the number of vehicles.
3. There is a general debate nowadays about the problem of itinerant workers. Those who object to the rising migrant population argue that increasing numbers lead to rising crime rates and harm social stability. They believe that strict limits should be placed on migrants entering China’s cities. But people who favor the influx of the cheap labor force, on the other hand, maintain that migrants are needed to support the massive urban infrastructure construction program.
4. It is widely acknowledged that extensive deforestation contributed to heavy summer flooding. Experts argue that China must introduce a massive forestations program. But I doubt whether forestations alone will solve the problem.
5. Most people are of the opinion that wealth provides solutions to all problems. But in spite of the material benefits wealth provides, I believe one should abandon the pursuit of materialism and instead concentrate on the pursuit of happiness.
6. Many people believe that capital punishment deters crime. But although criminologists have conducted exhaustive research regarding the subject, little evidence exists to support the claim.
7. An increasing number of people are joining the”Information Age” via the Internet. In reaction to the phenomenon, some say the Internet has removed barters and provided people with immediate access to the world. But do they realize that rapidly advancing information technology can also lead to intrusions of privacy?
8. The use of guanxi is a widespread method for conducting business, but is it a wise one? The method is now being challenged by more and more people .利用关系是做生意的普遍做法，但这种做法明智吗？现在，越来越多的人对这种方法提出了质疑。
9. These days we often hear about the widening gap between the rich and poor. Some argue the developed world has totally ignored the problem. But has it? Close examination fails to bear out the argument.
10. We ' re often told that the world is tethering on the brink of destruction . But is this really the case?
11. One of the pressing problems facing our nation (China) today is overcoming disparities in urban and rural income levels.
12. One of the most serious problems many people talk about centers on the lack of adequate housing space.
13. Perhaps the most dangerous phenomenon gripping the nation today is official corruption, which is pervasive in all levels of government.
14. Inflation is yet another new and bitter truth we must learn to face.
15. The rapid expansion of urban areas has in many cases encroached on valuable cultivatable land, and led to a general recognition that development must not be carried at the cost of agriculture. The government has attached greater importance to the problem and an increasing number of redundant projects are being terminated.
16. There is a growing worldwide awareness of the need for strengthened environmental protection.
17. There has been a dramatic increase in the spread of HIV/AIDS in recent years, with a new study projecting that the dreaded disease will affect over 30 million people worldwide by the year 2005.
18. Working with the disabled cannot help but leave one impressed with their indefatigable desire.
19. Perhaps no issues are more controversial than euthanasia and abortion, both of which involve taking the life of a human being.
20. Never before in history has the issue of overpopulation been more evident than now.
21. Perhaps it is time to reexamine the idea that college degrees are a guarantee of intelligence.
22. A growing number of people are beginning to realize that wealth is not the sole prerequisite for happiness.
23. In spite of the extraordinary progress made in science and technology, problems remain in terms of guaranteeing that achievements benefit the greatest number of people.
24. A famous thinker once wrote that “the greatest threat to mankind is mankind itself!” If this is indeed the case, then the current situation should make us ponder our future existence.
25. U.S. President Harry Truman once remarked: “The buck stops here!” His view has been confirmed by numerous world leaders who have assumed full responsibility for their actions.
26. Large families were once seen as a blessing. Today, however, things are changing and an increasing number of Chinese parents realize that fewer are better.
27. People used to place total reliance on the government. The so-called “iron rice bowl” prevailed in the past, but things are quite different today.
28. Several years ago, Chinese streets were filled with people wearing identical drab clothing. Today, however, things are quite different and the streets are awash with people wearing fashionable bright colored outfits. Why has the change taken place?
29. Years of observing human behavior have enabled me to conclude that the major difference between mediocrity and success lies solely with the individual concerned. Successful individuals consistently seek advancement, while their less industrious contemporaries are merely content with the status quo.
30. Traditional way of thinking has changed dramatically. The pendulum has swung and people are exhibiting greater open-mindedness and a burning desire to determine their own destiny.
31. There has been undesirable trend in recent years towards the worship of money. A recent survey showed that X percent of respondents ranked getting rich as their top priority, compared to X percent only a few years ago. Why do people fail to realize that wealth does not necessarily bring happiness?
32. Some months ago, a friend of mine was killed in a tragic automobile accident involving a drunk driver. The incident was far from rare, and was in fact typical of thousands of cases involving people driving under the influence of alcohol.
33. I recently read a newspaper article on the rampant spread of child abuse. The deplorable problem of the widespread abuse of innocent children has aroused public concern nationwide.
34. Should parents spare the rod and spoil the child? Opinions concerning strict parental discipline vary widely. Some view strict discipline as nothing more than a form of abuse, while others argue it is an essential factor for instilling appropriate social behavior.
35. What do you think of the increasing openness accompanying the ongoing sexual revolution? Do you ever fantasize? Answers to these questions should be based on a determination between appropriate and inappropriate behavior.
36. Why do some governments persist in spending billions of dollars on space exploration when starvation and poverty continue to grip many countries throughout the world? This particular question is being raised by an ever increasing number of people.
37. Judging from the reams of evidence presented, we can safely conclude that the Three Gorges Project will change the lives of an untold number of people forever.
38. The ample evidence presented enables us to reasonably conclude that the scourge of AIDS will be brought under control in the foreseeable future.
39. We must seek immediate solutions for problems leading to the rapid depletion of the earth's ozone layer. If allowed to proceed unchecked, the problem will undoubtedly exacerbate global warming and threaten life as we know it today.
40. Quite obviously, immediate action is needed to extricate 80 million Chinese people from the grips of poverty in order to remove the danger of social unrest and ensure continuing stability.
41. China needs to reexamine the results of political and social modernization in order to ascertain the benefits and indeed the detrimental aspects from a new perspective. Otherwise, various perceived accomplishments might in fact prove to be far from beneficial.
42. It is essential to heed warnings of potentially catastrophic consequences associated with the Year 2000 computer bug and, in turn, to attach top priority to finding effective solutions to ensure a smooth transition into the new century.
43. It is high time we put an end to the deplorable practice of infanticide.
44. There is little doubt that immediate action is required to eliminate the scourge of corruption once and forever.
45. In short, we must work diligently to make the world a better place for coming generations. We must not persist in pursuits harmful to the environment.
46. We must avoid overindulgence and conspicuous consumption. We must instead continue to recognize the benefits of thrift in order to protect our newfound prosperity.
47. It is absolutely essential to reverse the irrational misuse of nonrenewable resources. For example, fuel-efficient motor vehicles must be developed to reduce oil consumption and alternative energy sources must be found to replace coal.
48. While achieving success is easier said than done, persistence does in fact pay off. One of the most important traits of a successful person is self-confidence, another is desire, and still another is determination.
49. Recognizing a problem is the first step in finding a solution.
50. Many of the explanations offered thus far are at least to a certain extent valid, but none fully address the problem and the issue must be examined in a wider context.
51. There are no immediate solutions for reversing the Asian financial crisis, but convincing affected nations to practice fiscal restraint will be highly beneficial.
52. Immediate solutions for solving problems surrounding poverty remain elusive. However, public recognition of the necessity to provide a better quality of life for millions of people will represent the first step in finding effective solutions.
53. What dose the future hold if mankind persists in wasting natural resources? While no one knows for sure, scientists do exhibit a degree of certainty when predicting that future generations will face a dramatically different world.
54. Reversing undesirable social trends will be far from an easy task and will require a dramatic change in attitudes. A keen awareness of right from wrong is essential for determining appropriate social behavior.
55. We owe a debt of gratitude to the many individuals who dedicated their lives to making the world a better place. However, we must not rest on their accomplishments, but must instead work assiduously to record even greater achievements.
56. The two major challenges facing China today center on maintaining sustained economic growth and feeding its growing population of over 1.2 billion people with only seven percent of the world's cultivable land. Despite the monumental difficulties involved, Chinese people will undoubtedly exhibit their indefatigable resilience and achieve great success in both regards.
57. We do, in fact, have a long way to go to reach our final goal, but achieving some remains well within the realm of possibility.
58. The time is right for us to take full advantage of ample existing opportunities.
59. While it remains to be seen whether or not environmental deterioration can be controlled, the current prospects are far from encouraging. People around the world must act immediately to prevent the situation from deteriorating even further.
60. The methodology suggested may not guarantee ultimate success, but the eventual pay-off could well be worth the effort. Achieving even partial success will benefit mankind and contribute to creating a better world.
61. Admittedly, ensuring sustainable development will require a certain level of sacrifice and arduous efforts on the part of all people. Nonetheless, the accrued returns will both strengthen the nation and ensure a better life for all Chinese citizens.
62. The rapid emergence of homes for senior citizens represents a sharp divergence from the traditional Chinese practice of maintaining the nuclear family at all costs.
63. Participating in interactive experiences beneficial to all is something that no one should miss . The valuable lessons learned therefore should not be arbitrarily dismissed , but should instead be treasured .
64. Abortion advocates may be correct in their assertion that the practice is a necessary tool of population control, but they seem to neglect the preciousness of human life in its earliest stages.
65. Some people assert that nothing is impossible. Such people should get a grip on reality and understand it's impossible to create another Universe. In more down-to-earth terms, it's impossible to know with any certainty whether you will live or die tomorrow.
66. Two major factors contributed to devastating summer flooding along the Yangtze River and its tributaries. First, erosion resulting from excessive deforestation in the upper reaches of the river and, second, heavy silting which raised the riverbed in the main channel.
67. Greed and a total lack of social consciousness have been cited as major reasons for the dramatic rise corruption.
68. There are several reasons for the marked increase in China's crime rate—the dramatic influx of itinerant workers in urban areas ; declining social values ; and widening disparities between the haves and have-nots .
69. Why are an increasing number of elderly Chinese parents living apart from their children? One reason is the increasing upward mobility of the younger generation. Another is expanding social opportunities for the elderly. Perhaps the main reason, however, centers on dramatic changes in traditional concepts.
70. What has sparked the increasing interest in exercise? For one thing, people have gained a greater awareness of the need for physical fitness. For another, the constantly improving standard of living enables Chinese people to patronize the increasing number of recreational venues. The main thing perhaps centers on the healthcare and psychological benefits exercise provides.
71. Identifying the reasons for an emerging phenomenon which involves several complicated factors is far from an easy task. For example, some scientists attribute environmental deterioration to a series of natural factors, while others place the blame solely on inappropriate human behavior.
72. One doesn't have to look far to realize the direct correlation between smoking and cancer.
73. The explanation for the phenomenon of the rising teenage suicide rate involves many complicated factors. Some attribute the rise to an overemphasis on early success, others point to mounting peer pressure, and still others to confusion over changing social values.
74. The reasons for antisocial behavior are both complicated and varied. I suggest the phenomenon results from inappropriate role models and the lack of well-defined norms of behavior. However, the main reason is quite likely the continuing degeneration of social values.
75. The causes of racial hatred are not readily definable. Sociologists, however, attribute them to the misguided concept of a superior race and an innate mistrust of people of color. Perhaps the main cause is quite simply ignorance.
76. The scourge of HIV/AIDS currently engulfing the world will quite likely be brought under control within the next few years thanks to the untiring efforts of scientists and researchers worldwide.
77. The incidence rate of cancer mainly stems from several factors, including inappropriate diets, poor healthcare practices and the lack of early detection. Continuing medical advances and rising awareness do, however , offer promising hope for the future .
78. Increased urban pollution levels and the mounting death toll from motor vehicles accidents can mainly be attributed to the glut of automobiles appearing on city roads in recent years. Detrimental factors will quite likely outweigh the benefits of rising automobile usage.
79. The rising divorce rate in China can, at least in part, be attributed to spousal incompatibility, disparities in education levels, changing social attitudes and the increasing upward mobility of the younger generation.
80. State-owned enterprises are not only failing because of inefficient management, but also because of their inability to a witch operational mode from the former planned economy to the new market economy.
81. Although we do not know the long-term consequences of separation or deprivation, we do know that they can produce acute immediate distress.
82. One can readily trace the disappearance of dinosaurs to a major cataclysmic event.
83. The reasons for poverty are many, but for the most part center on illiteracy, the lack of opportunities and in some cases pure laziness.
84. Child development depends on a number of factors, both physical and psychological. Correct parental nurturing from infancy through adolescence determines both the physical and mental profile of a mature individual.
85. Factors such as self-confidence and ambition, combined with determination and willpower, contribute to eventual success or failure.
86. Various factors will weigh heavily on China's eventual entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO). One centers on the total abandonment of protectionism, and the other on the adoption of generally accepted international accounting norms.
87. One of the most common failures of people today is to avoid telling the truth. People must realize that avoidance and lying have never in the past and, in fact, never will right a wrong.
88. Central planning has, at least in part, been blamed for the current demise of state-owned enterprises. Perhaps , however , the greatest blame should be placed on factors such as grossly inefficient management ; the rampant practice of " guanxi " , cronyism and nepotism ; excessively large work forces ; abuses of social benefits ; and without a doubt corruption .
89. A recent survey revealed large disparities in the income levels of male and female workers holding the same position. The determining factor should be qualifications, rather than gender, when determining both the salary and position of an individual.
90. Social finesse, willingness to relocate and language capacity is also determinant factory in assessing job qualifications.
91. The tumultuous Cultural Revolution was chiefly responsible for the searing desire for change in China.
92. Traditional beliefs do not in themselves explain the lingering prevalence of outdated concepts in China.
93. Some lay the blame for falling exports squarely on financial turmoil sweeping many Asian countries. The fact of the matter is, however, that proportionate blame should be assigned to the lackadaisical approach to developing new markets, failure to improve product quality and government inaction in the realm of support.
94. We often ignore the real problem and instead search for a needle in a haystack. Solving problems of any kind requires one to adopt a direct approach which addresses all relevant issues.
95. Claiming a lack of opportunities is nothing more than a superficial excuse for justifying failure. The fundamental reason for failure is most often the lack of drive on the part of the individual involved.
96. We can, and quite often do, blame our contemporaries for personal failures, but the fact of the matter is that the root causes for most problems go much deeper.
97. The rapidly emerging sexual revolution has been accompanied by many disturbing trends. Perhaps the most serious consequences center on the rapid spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), rising prostitution and the rise in AIDS cases.
98. The deep impact of opening to the outside world is readily discernible in a number of areas: the adoption of many Western habits, both good and bad; changing social and moral values; the trend towards individualism; and the introduction of state-of-the-art concepts and technology. The key to adopting Western way centers on accepting the good and rejecting the bad.
99. The arrival of the so-called “Information Age “will undoubtedly have a profound influence on our lives. The task at hand center on using the technology for beneficial purposes , while at the same time preventing intrusions of privacy and use of the electronic highway for deceitful purposes .
100. No one can doubt that the reform and opening policies introduced in 1979 have had a profound impact on the lives of Chinese citizens. Changes resulting therefore have not only impacted the economic system, but the social system as well.
101. Effluent discharges of industrial wastewater and raw sewage into rivers , lakes and inshore coastal areas have not only adversely affected marine life and aquatic resources , but have also jeopardized one of the major necessities for sustaining life—Potable Water .
102. It will have a direct bearing on the matter under discussion.
103. Rapid economic growth may lead to an overextension of resources and lead to an eventual catastrophic meltdown.
104. The immediate results of economic growth have created the illusion of unending prosperity. The best approach at this particular time is to perhaps err on the side of caution.
105. The benefits of technology are undeniable. Nonetheless, the fact that technology often negates the need for human beings in the workplace deserves careful consideration and retraining programs for affected individuals must be introduced.
106. The lack of faith in government is the direct result of the prevailing distrust of politicians.
107. The advantages of harmonious relations far outweigh the disadvantages of confrontation.
108. Independence offers many advantages, the first and foremost of which is self-determination.
109. The contrast between right and wrong is highlighted by the benefits accruing from the former.
110. the most striking conclusion that can be reached when weighing the advantages and disadvantages of the market economy is quite frankly prosperity.
111. The ridiculous amount of money some countries spend on military hardware is absurd when considering the number of people starving in many developing countries.
112. The loss of perquisites enjoyed by government officials and business executives pales in comparison to the plight of refugees in many war-torn countries.
113. While the long-term problem of global warming is indeed serious, its significance diminishes somewhat when considering immediate problems such as rapid environmental deterioration and the rampant misuse and abuse of nonrenewable resources.
114. Owning a car might be preferable to owning a bicycle, but the problems associated with owning the former far outweigh those of the latter. For one thing, automobiles are exponentially more expensive and require greater maintenance. For another, bicycles don't pollute.
115. The advantages of family planning more than compensate for the disadvantages.
116. Claims of gender equality are laced with contradictions. The principal fallacy centers on the workplace and concept of equal pay for equal work. Another, but no less important, aspect revolves around the entry of women into top management positions.
117. Both limitations and problems will quite likely be encountered during the ongoing transition to the market economy. For one thing, urgent measures are required to resolve problems involving state-owned enterprises. Another thorny issue involves controlling inflation in the face of emerging market forces.
118. Will the Three Gorges Project prove to be a monumental achievement or nothing more than a giant fiasco? Opposition voices point to drawbacks such as the massive cost of the project, the need to relocate millions of local residents and destruction of the unique natural environment. Supporters, on the other hand, contend that the advantages—i.e. improved flood control, increased power generation capacity and desirable impact on economic development in related areas —will far outweigh the disadvantages. Time will tell and history will judge the wisdom of the project.
119. Nothing approaches the love of a mother for her child.
120. Few scientific and technological achievements equal the success of landing men on the moon.
121. A question begging an answer centers on whether violence is more directly related to the innate characteristic of human being, or whether it is simply a manifestation of the ills of society. Determining the answer will be far from an easy proposition, but is nonetheless one that deserves careful and deliberate consideration.
122. From the standpoint of success, a good work ethic is no less important than an education. Success does, in fact, depend on the total integration of both aspects.
123. The growing trend for wives to work outside the home even when their husbands are present and employed is in part a sharing of the financial burden with the husband, and in part a reflection of the need these women feel to have a measurable sense of personal worth.
124. Just as honor is a prerequisite for respectability, so is unblemished character a barometer of integrity.
125. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder and the same is true for both the appreciation of art and music.
126. The direct correlation between self-esteem and success also applies to one's ability to achieve.
127. Improving the plight of teachers is indeed a priority item. However, improving the overall education system is likewise no less important.
128. China and United States share many things in common. Firstly, both are major world powers. Secondly, the two nations offer mutually beneficial factors for development—China with its vast potential market and labor force, and the U.S. with its advanced technology and management expertise.
129. The shaky truce in the Middle East bears little resemblance to the realization of ultimate peace.
130. Idleness spawns discontent, whereas overwork leads to mental and physical exhaustion.
131. Large and small enterprises differ in that the former usually involves conglomerates and the latter private individuals.
132. Both automobiles and bicycles offer a convenient means of public conveyance, with one of the marked differences between the two centered on pollution caused by the former.
133. Alcohol and tobacco are both highly addictive substances. However, unlike tobacco, which is known to cause cancer, studies indicate that alcohol does offer some health benefits when consumed in moderation.
134. One man's treasure is another man's junk.
135. AIDS is no longer one of the Top 10 American killers, but the same cannot be said for many countries.
136. Individualism was unheard of short 30-odd years ago during the tumultuous Cultural Revolution. Things have changed today, however, with color returning to the streets of Chinese streets, people gaining a greater degree of self-determination and reform yielding monumental changes in traditional practices.
137. Social inequities of the past are rapidly giving way to expanded social consciousness.
138. Many claim that the world's highly developed countries bear sole responsibility for the plight of less-developed nations. I seriously doubt their contentions will bear the brunt of close scrutiny.
139. Although media reports expound on the volume of scientific and technological achievements, recent surveys indicate that the rapidity of transforming same into productive forces leaves much to be desired.
140. The popular belief in the invincibility of man is constantly rebuked by revaluations of man's fallibility.
141. While the inclination to procrastinate is common, one must fully consider the detrimental impact of unnecessary delays.
142. The tendency to take things for granted is understandable, but the need for one to rationally evaluate the circumstances of any situation is absolutely essential.
143. Most people are under the illusion that a college degree guarantees success. There is no such guarantee without hard work.
144. Some stubbornly hold to the correctness of traditional practices, but in so doing they seem to totally ignore the fact that progress depends on change.
145. Generally speaking, previous parliamentary policy debates ignored the relevance of transparency.
146. A precise definition of poverty is actually very difficult to determine. Where does one draw the line between those who are poor and those who are not?
147. Admittedly, bribery and corruption are endemic to our political and economic systems, but it doesn't necessarily follow that all politicians and business people resort to illicit behavior.
148. There's little doubt that a third World War is avoidable, but it is highly unlikely that regional conflicts will disappear in the foreseeable future.
149. Some people assume that investing in stock is a safe pursuit, but their assumption fails to hold water when considering the substantial risk involved.
150. Some people have called for accelerated across-the-board changes. Their approach quite frankly ignores the need for gradual but effective changes.
151. There is undoubtedly an element of truth in assertions that capital punishment is necessary, but proponents seem to ignore the fact that the practice has failed to deter heinous crimes.
152. Many people assume that the extinction of a plant or animal species is of little consequence. Careful examination, however, reveals that the extinction of any one species disrupts the food chain, and the loss of a plant species leads to the disappearance of a key ingredient which might yield a cure for cancer.
153. At first glance , the characteristics of Bugs Bunny seem comical . However, a closer examination reveals the cartoon character never creates a problem, and instead simply hopes for quiet and peaceful life. This suggests that cartoons most often teach children the difference between good and evil.
154. Logically, calls for a New World Order sound valid, and I whole-heartedly agree with some points, but the absurdity arises when considering that the world's 200-odd nations have diverse agendas when it comes to development and diplomacy.
155. In spite of claims to the contrary, it is common knowledge that corporal punishment most often has the exact opposite affect intended.
156. We were brought up to believe that the role of a man was to provide and the role of a woman was to care for the household and family. Today, however, role reversal is becoming increasingly commonplace.
157. Some people tend to tenaciously cling to the misguided concept of racial superiority. Their persistence in doing so, however, does readily reveal the inferior mentality and social incompatibility of certain human beings.
158. Some people claim the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) far exceeds that of Western-style pharmaceuticals. More often than not, however, the exact opposite is true.
159. Workers commonly complain that causes for labor disputes rest solely on the shoulders of management. Quite likely the opposite is true.
160. There are those who claim that competition brings out the best in people. Others contend it simply forces one person to prove he/she is better than another. Advocates vociferously support one position or the other. I suggest the former proposition bears greater relevance than the latter.
161. Claiming something is true misses the point, while presenting verifiable fact proves its correctness.
162. Suggesting that one thing ... is better than another thing ... bears no more significance than insinuating that black is better than white .
163. Ignoring cause and effect is exactly the same thing as failing to look both ways when crossing a busy intersection.
164. One who advocates the rights of homosexuals should not be surprised by the belligerent stance of opposition forces.
165. The greatest problem with political and religious zealots is their total inability to consider the views of others.
166. The basic stumbling block to global peace rests with the self-serving ambitions of many nations.
167. The overemphasis on one particular aspect of a problem often obscures the relevance of other issues.
168. Any presumption that smoking is in anyway beneficial is totally preposterous.
169. The fallacies of many arguments are quite obvious.
170. Arbitrarily dismissing the direct link between increasing sexual promiscuity and the rapid spread of sexually transmitted diseases would be foolhardy. An even more foolish mistake would center on denying the need for extensive sex education programs worldwide.
171. There is absolutely no reason for us to believe that a brighter future for the world is impossibility.
172. Meteorologists offer computer models leaving little doubt that this year's El Nino phenomenon has disappeared.
173. Facts prove the unjustifiability of claims that China will be unable to feed itself by the year 2020.
174. Previous explanations of the rising divorce rate in China are simply untenable. The fact is that many marriages were simply based on convenience and wives are no longer willing to accept the abusive domineering attitudes of husbands.
175. Claim that entering the Chinese market offers foreign companies an immediate road to profits are grossly misstated and have been proven wrong time and again . The key to entering China rests with the phraseology “vast potential market”, and how long one is willing to wait for returns.
176. Parents are not wrong in enforcing good study habits, but they must not do so at the expense of stifling normal child development.
177. It is quite reasonable to assume that modern science and technology (S&T) will continue to advance. It is no less reasonable to believe that S&T will radically improve the way we live. However, the same reasoning cannot be applied to improving social interaction.
178. Belief in the wonders of modern medical science is quite understandable. It is also quite possible that our faith in the ability of scientists to find the key for prolonging life is well-founded. Yet, the wisdom of prolonging life remains in question when considering the already massive global population and projected future growth.
179. It is one thing to support euthanasia, but quite another to offer any justification for genocide.
180. Claiming the need for censorship is one thing, but rationally proving its redeeming values represents a quite different issue.
181. Chances are that man will eventually land on Mars.
182. The likelihood for peace in the Middle East remains questionable.
183. The necessity for nuclear nonproliferation seems clear.
184. It is perhaps more accurate to consider the family as a blanket of security, rather than a cloak of bondage.
185. While generalizations are dangerous, it is quite safe to present solid evidence.
186. It seems almost certain that China will achieve this year's economic growth targets.
187. Reaching this year's growth targets is almost a certainty.
188. The urgency of the situation makes it necessary to reiterate the monumental problems of population growth.
189. A recent study revealed the surprising fact that many students pass examinations by relying on nothing more than rote memorization. It is horrifying to think that students graduate without a thorough understanding of the subject matter.
190. Needless to say, advertising sells products. Where would we be without it? Shelves would be empty, consumers would have few choices and products information would disappear.
191. The plain truth is that people are most often self-centered.
192. There's little wonder why young people often find it difficult to find an appropriate role model. No wonder they drink, smoke, fright, carouse and otherwise engage in inappropriate social behavior.
193. It should come as no surprise to learn that many abused children become abusers later in life.
194. There is probably a great deal of truth in the assertion that unscrupulous brokers are salivating at the thought of unsophisticated investors entering the securities market.
195. There's little doubt that China has spawned a new generation of “Little Emperors " , but the truth is that the fault rests with parents who " spare the rod to spoil the child " and not with children themselves .
196. There's little justification for objections to sex education. In fact, even a minimal introduction to consequences of sexual interaction (the bird's and bees) might have dramatically changed the lives of many people.
197. We can safely say that the world continues to turn and things have changed dramatically, but we can never claim the world is a safer place.
198. We can say this and we can say that, but the most important thing is not to say, but instead to do.
199. Divided we fall, united we conquer. This does not mean that conquest is the goat, but instead that unified efforts yield positive results.
200. Historically speaking, our ancestors placed great emphasis on filial piety.
201. It doesn't follow that one should abandon a workable plan simply because of minor setbacks. So doing would quite frankly be foolish.
202. One corrupt politician does not suggest that all politicians are bad. Any such presumption is totally misguided.
203. Don't get the idea that money grows on trees, or that there's such a thing as a free ride.
204. Along with interest in music comes a greater awareness of culture.
205. It's not that I don't want to be rich and famous. Obviously I do, but just haven't as yet found the way to get there.
206. If the claims of the other side prove true, we may be forced to alter our position.
207. The urgent need for nuclear nonproliferation is undeniable. Moreover, failure to halt the spread of weapons of mass destruction increases the chance for nuclear holocaust.
208. Having recognized the problem, it follows that we must develop a plan of action.
209. Governments have reached a consensus on the need for peace and it follows that actions speak louder than words.
210. The convincing proof that smoking causes cancer has failed to convince hundreds of millions of people to abandon the vile habit.
211. Traffic laws are of little use if drivers simply ignore them and law enforcement departments fail to adopt effective enforcement programs.
212. Agricultural modernization cannot be achieved unless the government substantially increases funding; farmers accept advanced agronomic techniques; and consumers engaged in a concerted effort to reduce unnecessary and exorbitant waste.
213. Effective flood control is not only necessary, but is also essential for protecting the lives of millions of Chinese citizens.
214. Simple expressions of indignation are no substitute for meaningful actions to right a wrong.
215. Even modest increases in education allocations are better than none.
216. The slightest miscalculations in trajectory can spell doom for a successful space mission.
217. Anyone with one eye and half sense (common sense) knows that good prevails over evil.
218. It is impossible to reach appropriate conclusions without access to relevant information.
219. The fact remains that the consequences of drug misuse and abuse can be devastating upon the entire community.
220. Respect is given where respect is due.
221. It really doesn't matter whether a cat is black or white, but instead whether or not it can catch the mouse.
222. Whatever the outcome, we must resolutely precede with our objective.
223. However great the will to achieve, and however great the demand to succeed, one should never abandon his/her moral and social consciousness.
224. However pressing the need and urgency of the problem one should not precede without a plausible plan.
225. Posing crime is often cited as a prime example of mounting social decay.
226. Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft, is a classic example of success.
227. Persistence pays off! A case in point centers on the ongoing negotiations and anticipated eminent resolution of the Middle East peace process.
228. The advertisement is a perfect example of misleading content designed to fool consumers.
229. The land for peace deal represents a concrete agreement which will end conflict and bring stability to the Middle East.
230. We should gather additional facts to support existing evidence and illustrate the correctness of the contention.
231. A few more examples should be added to highlight the already familiar facts.
232. We can cite Nelson Mandela's experience as an excellent example of overcoming adversity.
233. History abounds with great men worthy of adulation and emulation.
234. I, for one, will steadfastly resist any attempts to justify violence as a means to an end.
235. Take the “Gang of Four “as an example of a group of zealots who attempted to usurp power to serve their own purposes.
236. Racial cleansing serves as a case in point to illustrate the lengths some people will go to prove their superiority.
237. We can safely assume that the indiscriminate acts of our generation will have an adverse impact on future generations.
238. Recurring themes are readily discernible in the annals of history. There's little doubt that history does, in fact, repeat itself.
239. Numerous examples might be cited to support fallacious claims, but they most often lack a relevance to the issue under discussion.
240. I can think of nothing better than a nice cold beer on a hot summer afternoon.
241. Perhaps there's no better example of high-level corruption than the case of former Beijing Mayor Chen Xitong .
242. The airliner crash is seen as merely the tip of an iceberg.
243. The importance of exercise to good health is only one example of aspects of life people most often take for granted.
244. Just imagine how great the word would be if we would only exhibit greater concern for our fellowman.
245. Suppose we're on a ship that hits an iceberg. Do we flip a coin to see who gets the seat on the lifeboat, or do we resort to violence to ensure our self-preservation?
246. Lets just assume that we've been lifelong friends and while you have food, I have none. Would you share your good fortune with me, or would you let me starve?
247. Just think of what would happen if one nuclear power launched a preemptive on another.
248. There are many avenues to explore before we reach a final decision.
249. It is rare to find a person willing to totally abandon the comforts of life simply to help others.
250. We should point out that the evidence is purely circumstantial.
251. We must admit that the overwhelming volume of indisputable circumstantial evidence far outweighed the presumption of innocence.
252. We have to accept the facts no matter how astonishing they might sound.
253. We must point out that feigning ignorance of the plight of poverty-stricken people is simply an irresponsible act on the part of ignorance.
254. The apparent success of this summer's flood control effort doesn't alter the fact a massive effort will be required to complete the reconstruction program.
255. Some people criticize the United Nations for gross financial mismanagement, but their accusations fail to detract from the fact that the greatest portion of the organization's 1997 budget went for humanitarian assistance programs.
255. Some people criticize the United Nations for gross financial mismanagement, but their accusations fail to detract from the fact that the greatest portion of the organization's 1997 budget went for humanitarian assistance programs.
256. The continuing wanton loss of life provides ample justification for NATO intervention in Kosovo.
257. Ample evidence exists to prove that hereditary factors contribute to alcoholism.
258. There is every reason to believe that China's resumption of sovereignty over Macao in 1999 will proceed smoothly.
259. There is strong evidence to show that the hole in the Ozone Layer is expanding at an alarming rate.
260. All reliable information points to the fact that the Y2K Virus (Millennium Bug) will create havoc with computer systems worldwide at the turn of the century.
261. Statistical evidence lends support to the view that a massive influx of funding is needed to strengthen crime prevention programs.
262. Personal experience has taught that kindness to others pays untold dividends.
263. Case histories show that all nations face recurring periods of economic fluctuations.
264. Personal experience leads me to conclude that all people need to take time to smell the roses (evaluate and appreciate the many good things they have in their lives).
265. Recent studies conducted by doctors show that excessive exposure to the sun's ray’s cause’s skin cancer.
266. Nationwide surveys conducted in 1997 revealed a dramatic rise in the ownership of television sets, refrigerators, air conditioners and washing machines.
267. History tells us that mankind has a tendency to repeat past mistakes.
268. We have amassed ample objective proof to show the urgent need for crisis intervention in suspected child abuse cases.
269. Unfortunately, available evidence fails to establish any direct link between smoking and cancer.
270. Fortunately, mountains of reliable evidence prove the direct link between smoking and cancer beyond any shadow of the doubt.
271. Television violence has contributed directly to rising crime, as evidenced by statistics showing a dramatic rise in copycat crimes.
272. The introduction of advance agronomic techniques has contributed greatly to the development of agriculture, as indicated by statistics showing increased output in each of the past five years.
273. While it may appear that the gap between rich and poor people is narrowing somewhat, recently released evidence suggests that the opposite is true.
274. While attaining world peace remains within the realm of possibility, the prevailing trend revolves around regional conflicts and internal strife in many countries.
275. Although statistics are quite often far less reliable than one might wish, other reliable information allows one to closely approximate industrial output figures.
276. Although random sampling used for many surveys fails to cover large segments of the population, the procedure nonetheless offers insight into voting and consumption patterns.
277. The need for more government services has proved to be the case time and again.
278. The funny thing about marriage is that the newness soon wears off.
279. There are instances when one must abandon the tendency for self-prevention in order to assist a person in grave danger.
280. There are situations in which it's highly advisable for a person to control his/her temper and keep his/her mouth shut.
281. Gone are the days when Chinese people could expect cradle to death support from the government.
282. The days when one could safely walk city streets at night are gone.
283. China's population almost doubled to 1.2 billion people during the 1955-1995, according to the National Census Bureau.
284. A report by the Department of Education estimates that the student-teacher ratio in China is four times higher than in the United States.
285. Official figures released by the Ministry of Transportation show that motor vehicle fatalities have more than tripled since 1995.
286. Women accounted for less than two percent of the total number of deputies to the National People's Congress in 1990, compared with almost 12 percent in 1998.
287. Some 140 major state-owned companies have either declared bankruptcy or entered into mergers during 1998, up a whopping 75 percent on the total number for the 10-year period between 1985-1995.
288. China's illiteracy rate has dropped by some 60 percent over the past few years, but nonetheless remains at one of the highest levels for any developing nation.
289. The steady three-year annual rise in the export rate between 1995-1997 has been followed by steadily falling prices during 1998 and the trend is expected to continue indefinitely.
290. It is essential to examine every angle in order to fully understand the nature of a perplexing problem.
291. We must engage in thorough discussions in order to gain a better sense of the most appropriate and effective way to proceed with the project.
292. We must develop a foolproof argument in order to effectively illustrate the urgency of implement stringent environmental protection measures.
293. A comparative analysis of the positive and negative aspects of the Three Gorges Project will perhaps provide us with a better sense of the eventual impact of the massive water control program.
294. Incompatibility provides only a partial explanation for the rising divorce rate. Perhaps the most significant factors center on abuse, the immaturity of one spouse or the other, and quite simply the lack of things in common.
295. The success of a company is directly related to the competency of its managers.
296. Mental disorientation is but one of the many effects of alcohol consumption. Another is anti-social behavior, and still another is physical deterioration.
297. Apart from providing sheer enjoyment, music provides one with the opportunity to escape the daily pressures of life and enter an aesthetic world of sensual pleasure.
298. In spite of the costs involved space exploration is absolutely necessary to solve the puzzles of the Universe.
299. On the one hand, technological advances yield beneficial results, while on the other they create problems which threaten our very existence.
300. There are other social factors worth serious considerations in evaluating those special behaviors.
1. According to a recent survey, four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking.
2. The latest surveys show that quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework.
3. No invention has received more praise and abuse than Internet.
4. People seem to fail to take into account the fact that education does not end with graduation.
5. An increasing number of people are beginning to realize that education is not complete with graduation.
6. When it comes to education, the majority of people believe that education is a lifetime study.
7. Many experts point out that physical exercise contributes directly to a persons physical fitness.
8. Proper measures must be taken to limit the number of foreign tourists and the great efforts should be made to protect local environment and history from the harmful effects of international tourism.
9. An increasing number of experts believe that migrants will exert positive effects on construction of city. However, this opinion is now being questioned by more and more city residents, who complain that the migrants have brought many serious problems like crime and prostitution.
10. Many city residents complain that it is so few buses in their city that they have to spend much more time waiting for a bus, which is usually crowded with a large number of passengers.
11. There is no denying the fact that air pollution is an extremely serious problem: the city authorities should take strong measures to deal with it.
12. An investigation shows that female workers tend to have a favorable attitude toward retirement.
13. A proper part-time job does not occupy students too much time. In fact, it is unhealthy for them to spend all of time on their study. As an old saying goes: All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.
14. Any government, which is blind to this point, may pay a heavy price.
15. Nowadays, many students always go into raptures at the mere mention of the coming life of high school or college they will begin. Unfortunately, for most young people, it is not pleasant experience on their first day on campus.
16. In view of the seriousness of this problem, effective measures should be taken before things get worse.
17. The majority of students believe that part-time job will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable position in the future job markets.
18. It is indisputable that there are millions of people who still have a miserable life and have to face the dangers of starvation and exposure.
19. Although this view is wildly held, this is little evidence that education can be obtained at any age and at any place.
20. No one can deny the fact that a person’s education is the most important aspect of his life.
21. People equate success in life with the ability of operating computer.
22. In the last decades, advances in medical technology have made it possible for people to live longer than in the past.
23. In fact, we have to admit the fact that the quality of life is as important as life itself.
24. We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.
25. People believe that computer skills will enhance their job opportunities or promotion opportunities.
26. The information I’ve collected over last few years leads me to believe that this knowledge may be less useful than most people think.
27. Now, it is generally accepted that no college or university can educate its students by the time they graduation.
28. This is a matter of life and death--a matter no country can afford to ignore.
29. For my part, I agree with the latter opinion for the following reasons:
30. Before giving my opinion, I think it is important to look at the arguments on both sides.
31. This view is now being questioned by more and more people.
32. Although many people claim that, along with the rapidly economic development, the number of people who use bicycle are decreasing and bicycle is bound to die out. The information I’ve collected over the recent years leads me to believe that bicycle will continue to play extremely important roles in modern society.
33. Environmental experts point out that increasing pollution not only causes serious problems such as global warming but also could threaten to end human life on our planet.
34. In view of such serious situation, environmental tools of transportation like bicycle are more important than any time before.
35. Using bicycle contributes greatly to people’s physical fitness as well as easing traffic jams.
36. Despite many obvious advantages of bicycle, it is not without its problem.
37. Bicycle can’t be compared with other means of transportation like car and train for speed and comfort.
38. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that advantages of bicycle far outweigh its disadvantages and it will still play essential roles in modern society.
39. There is a general discussion these days over education in many colleges and institutes. One of the questions under debate is whether education is a lifetime study.
40. This issue has caused wide public concern.
41. It must be noted that learning must be done by a person himself.
42. A large number of people tend to live under the illusion that they had completed their education when they finished their schooling. Obviously, they seem to fail to take into account the basic fact that a person’s education is a most important aspect of his life.
43. As for me, I’m in favor of the opinion that education is not complete with graduation, for the following reasons:
44. It is commonly accepted that no college or university can educate its students by the time they graduate.
45. Even the best possible graduate needs to continue learning before she or he becomes an educated person.
46. It is commonly thought that our society had dramatically changed by modern science and technology, and human had made extraordinary progress in knowledge and technology over the recent decades.
47. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that learning new skills and knowledge contributes directly to enhancing their job opportunities or promotion opportunities.
48. An investigation shows that many older people express a strong desire to continue studying in university or college.
49. For the majority of people, reading or learning a new skill has become the focus of their lives and the source of their happiness and contentment after their retirement.
50. For people who want to adopt a healthy and meaningful life style, it is important to find time to learn certain new knowledge. Just as an old saying goes: it is never too late to learn.
51. There is a general debate on the campus today over the phenomenon of college or high school students doing a part-time job.
52. By taking a major-related part-job, students can not only improve their academic studies, but gain much experience, experience they will never be able to get from the textbooks.
53. Although people's lives have been dramatically changed over the last decades, it must be admitted that, shortage of funds is still the one of the biggest questions that students nowadays have to face because that tuition fees and prices of books are soaring by the day
54. Consequently, the extra money obtained from part-time job will strongly support students to continue to their study life.
55. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw a conclusion that part-time job can produce a far-reaching impact on students and they should be encouraged to take part-time job, which will benefit students and their family, even the society as a whole.
56. These days, people in growing numbers are beginning to complain that work is more stressful and less leisurely than in past. Many experts point out that, along with the development of modern society, it is an inevitable result and there is no way to avoid it.
57. It is widely acknowledged that computer and other machines have become an indispensable part of our society, which make our life and work more comfortable and less laborious.
58. At the same time, along with the benefits of such machines, employees must study knowledge involved in such machines so that they are able to control them.
59. No one can deny the basic fact that it is impossible for average workers to master those high-technology skills easily.
60. In the second place, there seem to be too many people without job and not enough job position.
61. Millions of people have to spend more time and energy on studying new skills and technology so that they can keep a favorable position in job market.
62. According to a recent survey, a growing number of people express a strong desire to take another job or spend more time on their job in order to get more money to support their family.
63. From what has been discussed above, I am fully convinced that the leisure life-style is undergoing a decline with the progress of modern society, it is not necessary a bad thing.
64. The problem of international tourism has caused wide public concern over the recent years.
65. Many people believe that international tourism produce positive effects on economic growth and local government should be encouraged to promote international tourism.
66. But what these people fail to see is that international tourism may bring about a disastrous impact on our environment and local history.
67. As for me, I’m firmly convinced that the number of foreign tourists should be limited, for the following reasons:
68. In addition, in order to attract tourists, a lot of artificial facilities have been built, which have certain unfavorable effects on the environment.
69. For lack of distinct culture, some places will not attract tourists any more. Consequently, the fast rise in number of foreign tourists may eventually lead to the decline of local tourism.
70. There is a growing tendency for parents to ask their children to accept extra educational programs over the recent years.
71. This phenomenon has caused wide public concern in many places of world.
72. Many parents believe that additional educational activities enjoy obvious advantage. By extra studies, they maintain, their children are able to obtain many kinds of practical skills and useful knowledge, which will put them in a beneficial position in the future job markets when they grow up.
73. In the first place, extra studies bring about unhealthy impacts on physical growth of children. Educational experts point out that, it is equally important to take some sport activities instead of extra studies when children have spent the whole day in a boring classroom.
74. Children are undergoing fast physical development; lack of physical exercise may produce disastrous influence on their later life.
75. In the second place, from psychological aspect, the majority of children seem to tend to have an unfavorable attitude toward additional educational activities.
76. It is hard to imagine a student focusing their energy on textbook while other children are playing.
77. Moreover, children will have less time to play and communicate with their peers due to extra studies, consequently, it is difficult to develop and cultivate their character and interpersonal skills. They may become more solitary and even suffer from certain mental illness.
78. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that, although extra studies indeed enjoy many obvious advantages, its disadvantages shouldn’t be ignored and far outweigh its advantages. It is absurd to force children to take extra studies after school.
79. Any parents should place considerable emphasis on their children to keep the balance between play and study. As an old saying goes: All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.
80. There is a growing tendency for parent these days to stay at home to look after their children instead of returning to work earlier.
81. Parents are firmly convinced that, to send their child to kindergartens or nursery schools will have an unfavorable influence on the growth of children.
82. However, this idea is now being questioned by more and more experts, who point out that it is unhealthy for children who always stay with their parents at home.
83. Although parent would be able to devote much more time and energy to their children, it must be admitted that, parent has less experience and knowledge about how to educate and supervise children, when compared with professional teachers working in kindergartens or nursery schools.
84. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw a conclusion that, although the parents desire to look after children by themselves is understandable, its disadvantages far outweigh the advantages.
85. Parents should be encouraged to send their children to nursery schools, which will bring about profound impacts on children and families, and even the society as a whole.
86. Many leaders of government always go into raptures at the mere mention of artistic and cultural projects. They are forever talking about the nice parks, the smart sculptures in central city and the art galleries with various valuable rarities. Nothing, they maintain, is more essential than such projects in the economic growth.
87. But is it really the case? The information I’ve collected over last few years leads me to believe that artistic and cultural projects may be less useful than many governments think. In fact, basic infrastructure projects are playing extremely important role and should be given priority.
88. Those who are in favor of artistic and cultural projects advocate that cultural environment will attract more tourists, which will bring huge profits to local residents. Some people even equate the build of such projects with the improving of economic construction.
89. Unfortunately, there is very few evidence that big companies are willing to invest a huge sums of money in a place without sufficient basic projects, such as supplies of electricity and water.
90. From what has been discussed above, it would be reasonable to believe that basic projects play far more important role than artistic and cultural projects in peoples life and economic growth.
91. Those urban planners who are blind to this point will pay a heavy price, which they cannot afford it.
92. There is a growing tendency these days for many people who live in rural areas to come into and work in city. This problem has caused wide public concern in most cities all over the world.
93. An investigation shows that many emigrants think that working at city provide them with not only a higher salary but also the opportunity of learning new skills.
94. It must be noted that improvement in agriculture seems to not be able to catch up with the increase in population of rural areas and there are millions of peasants who still live a miserable life and have to face the dangers of exposure and starvation.
95. Although rural emigrants contribute greatly to the economic growth of the cities, they may inevitably bring about many negative impacts.
96. Many sociologists point out that rural emigrants are putting pressure on population control and social order; that they are threatening to take already scarce city jobs; and that they have worsened traffic and public health problems.
97. It is suggested that governments ought to make efforts to reduce the increasing gap between cities and countryside. They ought to set aside an appropriate fund for improvement of the standard of peasant’s lives. They ought to invite some experts in agriculture to share their experiences, information and knowledge with peasants, which will contribute directly to the economic growth of rural areas.
98. In conclusion, we must take into account this problem rationally and place more emphases on peasants’ lives. Any government that is blind to this point will pay a heavy price.
99. Although many experts from universities and institutes consistently maintain that it is an inevitable part of an independent life, parents in growing numbers are starting to realize that people, including teachers and experts in education, should pay considerable attention to this problem.
100. As for me, it is essential to know, at first, what kind of problems young students possible would encounter on campus.
What went wrong? Put simply, City dropped its standards. What went wrong? Put simply, City dropped its standards. It was partly to do with demography, partly to do with earnest muddle-headedness. In the 1960s, universities across the country faced intense pressure to admit more minority students. Although City was open to all races, only a small number of black and Hispanic students passed the strict tests (including a future secretary of state, Colin Powell). That, critics decided, could not be squared with City's mission to “serve all the citizens of New York”.
The quality of education collapsed. At first, with no barrier to entry, enrolment climbed, but in 1976 the city of New York, which was then in effect bankrupt, forced CUNY to impose tuition fees. An era of free education was over, and a university which had once served such a distinct purpose joined the muddle of America's lower-end education.
But a burning cigarette is a complex thing, and that extra volume has some unexpected consequences. In particular, a bigger draw is generally a faster draw. （3）That pulls a higher proportion of the air inhaled through the burning tobacco, rather than through the paper sides of the cigarette. This, in turn, means more smoke per unit volume, and thus more tar and nicotine. The nature of the nicotine may change, too, with more of it being in a form that is easy for the body to absorb.
Regardless of how this came about, the irony is that low-tar brands may have ended up causing more health problems than high-tar ones.
Today, the artist who bred his own moths in order to depict them accurately in his fairy paintings hangs in the same gallery as those other attention-seekers, Mr Hirst and Tracey Emin; it is almost as if he were their long-lost ancestor.
Thankfully James Gillray is also there, and his ★biting caricatures lift the spirits.
The last room is one of the best.（10） Here Sir Christopher has added his cross-cultural ★hallmark: a series of horror film clips that invoke Fuseli's “The Nightmare” as the ultimate shock-horror icon. And at the exit, Angela Carter's words, “We live in gothic times”, are emblazoned on the wall. The spirit of Barry and Fuseli lives on.
The FBI's announcement this week that violent crime rose by 2.5% between 2004 and 2005 will soothe no nerves.
But still, some experts worry that America's long run of success in reducing crime may be over.
He views Mr. Scoble's departure as evidence that Microsoft has been unable to move with the times: “I'm glad to see my old friend didn't go down with the ship.” Another blogger says that his departure forbodes the “end of honest blogging”.
- 1. When asked about the ongoing uproar involving U.S. President Bill Clinton , most people say the affair involves a purely private matter . But many other people regard his actions as deplorable . I personally think the president committed impeachable offences .
2. When it comes to the increasing use of motor vehicles in Beijing , some涉及北京机动车使用量增加这一问题，有的人认为应该限制使用。另一些人持相反意见。也许双方的观点都有一定道理，但是，无论车辆多少，必须对废气排放实行控制。
people think that use should be limited . Others argue that the opposite is
true . There is probably some truth to both arguments, but emission controls
must be instituted regardless of the number of vehicles.
3. There is a general debate nowadays about the problem of itinerant workers .目前，针对流动工人的问题展开了普遍的争论。反对流动工人增加的人认为这会导致犯罪率升高，从而危害社会稳定。他们主张应该严格限制进入中国城市的流动工人。但是，另一方面，支持廉价劳动力流入的人主张，为了支持大规模的城市基础设施建设规划，流动人口是必需的。
Those who object to the rising migrant population argue that increasing numbers
lead to rising crime rates and harm social stability . They believe that strict
limits should be placed on migrants entering China ' s cities . But people who
favor the influx of the cheap labor force , on the other hand , maintain that
migrants are needed to support the massive urban infrastructure construction
4. It is widely acknowledged that extensive deforestation contributed to heavy人们普遍认为过度砍伐造成了夏季特大洪水。专家认为中国必须推行大规模的植树造林计划。但我对仅仅植树造林就能解决问题表示怀疑。
summer flooding . Experts argue that China must introduce a massive
afforestation program . But I doubt whether afforestation alone will solve the
5. Most people are of the opinion that wealth provides solutions to all大多数人认为财富为所有问题提供解决的办法。但是，我认为，尽管财富提供物质上的利益，一个人应该放弃物质至上的追求，而是集中精力追求幸福。
problems . But in spite of the material benefits wealth provides , I believe
one should abandon the pursuit of materialism and instead concentrate on the
pursuit of happiness .
6. Many people believe that capital punishment deters crime . But although很多人相信极刑能阻止犯罪。但是，虽然刑事学家就这一课题做了详尽的研究，几乎没有证据能支持这种说法。
criminologists have conducted exhaustive research regarding the subject ,
little evidence exists to support the claim .
7. An increasing number of people are joining the " Information Age "越来越多的人通过互联网进入了“信息时代”。针对这一现象，一些人认为互联网消除了障碍，为人们提供了与世界即时链接的途径。但是，他们有没有意识到迅速发展的信息技术也能导致侵犯隐私？
via the Internet . In reaction to the phenomenon , some say the Internet has
removed barrters and provided people with immediate access to the world . But
do they realize that rapidly advancing information technology can also lead to
intrusions of privacy ?
8. The use of guanxi is a widespread method for conducting business , but is it利用关系是做生意的普遍做法，但这种做法明智吗？现在，越来越多的人对这种方法提出了质疑。
a wise one ? The method is now being challenged by more and more people .
9. These days we often hear about the widening gap between the rich and poor .最近，我们经常听到贫富差距扩大了的说法。一些人认为发达世界完全忽略了这个问题。事实是这样吗？细致的调查无法证实这一观点。
Some argue the developed world has totally ignored the problem . But has it ?
Close examination fails to bear out the argument .
10. We ' re often told that the world is tethering on the brink of destruction我们经常被告知世界处于毁灭的边缘。但事实真是这样吗？
. But is this really the case ?
11. One of the pressing problems facing our nation ( China ) today is overcoming我们国家（中国）如今面临的紧迫问题之一是克服城乡收入水平之间的差距。
disparities in urban and rural income levels .
12. One of the most serious problems many people talk about centers on the lack许多人谈论的一个最严重的问题集中在缺乏足够的居住空间。
of adequate housing space .
13. Perhaps the most dangerous phenomenon gripping the nation today is official也许当今困扰国家的最危险的现象是遍布各级政府的官员腐败。
corruption , which is pervasive in all levels of government .
14. Inflation is yet another new and bitter truth we must learn to face .通货膨胀又是一个我们必须学会面对的痛苦的新情况。
15. The rapid expansion of urban areas has in many cases encroached on valuable城区的迅速扩大在很多情况下侵占了宝贵的可耕地，使人们普遍认识到发展不能以牺牲农业为代价。政府更加重视这个问题，越来越多的不必要的工程被终止。
cultivatable land , and led to a general recognition that development must not
be carried at the cost of agriculture . The government has attached greater
importance to the problem and an increasing number of redundant projects are being
16. There is a growing worldwide awareness of the need for strengthened世界上越来越多的人认识到加强环境保护的必要性。
environmental protection .
17. There has been a dramatic increase in the spread of HIV/AIDS in recent近年来，艾
years , with a new study projecting that the dreaded disease will affect over
30 million people worldwide by the year 2005 .