Spring Cloud  Config 

服务架构

1.github配置

通过github作为分布式配置中心,在github上新建仓库:spring-cloud-learn,并创建文件夹config-repo(也可以不创建文件夹,配置会有一点不同)并上传3分文件,内容分别为:

  1. lyf-dev.properties 模拟开发环境from=local-dev
  2. lyf-test.properties 模拟测试环境from=local-test
  3. lyf-prod.properties 模拟生产环境from=local-prod

 

2.服务端配置

pom.xml

<!-- config-server 服务配置中心 -->
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-config-server</artifactId>
</dependency>

application.xml

spring:
application:
name: config-server
cloud:
config:
server:
git:
uri: https://github.com/xianghaizing/spring-cloud-learn
search-paths: config-repo
server:
port: 8888
  • uri 指定github地址
  • search-paths 指定配置搜索目录

Application.java

@EnableConfigServer
@SpringBootApplication
public class ConfigServerApplication { public static void main(String[] args) {
SpringApplication.run(ConfigServerApplication.class, args);
} }

@EnableConfigServer 启动配置中心

3.配置和命名

1. 配置加载顺序

bootstrap.yml 高于 application.yml, bootstrap.yml一般用于加载远程配置

2. 客户端命名规则

/{application}/{profile}[/{label}]
/{application}-{profile}.yml
/{label}/{application}-{profile}.yml
/{application}-{profile}.properties
/{label}/{application}-{profile}.properties

一定要记住这个命名规则,不然客户端获取不到配置.这个坑困扰了我好几天,终于踩平了

  • application 作为client的 spring.application.name (必须一致)
  • profile 作为client的 spring.cloud.config.profile
  • label 作为client的 spring.cloud.config.label (默认master)

4.客户端配置

pom.xml

<!-- spring mvc -->
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
</dependency>
<!-- 配置中心client端 -->
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-config</artifactId>
</dependency>

application.yml

spring:
application:
name: lyf
cloud:
config:
uri: http://localhost:8888
profile: dev
label: master server:
port: 8030 management:
endpoints:
web:
exposure:
include: refresh # 暴露刷新节点 2.x版本需要手动开启

Controller.java

@RefreshScope
@RestController
public class ConfigClientController { @Value("${from}")
private String from; @RequestMapping("/from")
public String getFrom(){
return this.from;
} }

${from}就是远程properties文件中的from=dev中的那个key

5.获取远程配置

启动服务端和客户端

1.访问服务端

由于配置文件名为lyf-dev.properties,所以访问地址为 /lyf/dev

GET http://localhost:8888/lyf/dev

{
"name": "lyf",
"profiles": [
"dev"
],
"label": null,
"version": "9dd38a778c9b4ec9d7b8e972aeabe749e24e0161",
"state": null,
"propertySources": [
{
"name": "https://github.com/xianghaizing/spring-cloud-learn/config-repo/lyf-dev.properties",
"source": {
"from": "local-dev"
}
},
{
"name": "https://github.com/xianghaizing/spring-cloud-learn/config-repo/lyf.properties",
"source": {
"from": "local"
}
}
]
}

2.访问客户端

GET http://localhost:8030/from

local-dev

6.修改配置

修改dev配置: from=local-dev-02 并push到github

1.访问服务

GET http://localhost:8888/lyf/dev

{
"name": "lyf",
"profiles": [
"dev"
],
"label": null,
"version": "a89342009a315c78671b31a35392158673828bba",
"state": null,
"propertySources": [
{
"name": "https://github.com/xianghaizing/spring-cloud-learn/config-repo/lyf-dev.properties",
"source": {
"from": "local-dev-02"
}
},
{
"name": "https://github.com/xianghaizing/spring-cloud-learn/config-repo/lyf.properties",
"source": {
"from": "local"
}
}
]
}

2.访问客户端

GET http://localhost:8030/from
local-dev

此时客户端并没有拿到最新配置,需要手动发送post请求执行刷新

POST http://localhost:8030/actuator/refresh
[
"config.client.version",
"from"
]

再次访问

GET http://localhost:8030/from
local-dev-02