RHEL6+oracle11.2 无界面化命令安装如下:

1.所需安装软件包检查:
yum install binutils-2.* compat-libcap1* compat-libstdc++-33-* gcc-4.*
gcc-c++-4.* glibc-2.* glibc-devel-2.* libgcc-4.* libstdc++-4.*
libstdc++-devel-4.* libaio-.* libaio-devel-0.* make-3.* sysstat-9.*
unixODBC-2.* unixODBC-devel-2.* libXp* pdksh-*
rpm -qa binutils compat-libstdc++ elfutils-libelf elfutils-libelf-devel gcc gcc-c++ glibc
rpm -qa glibc-common glibc-devel glibc-headers ksh libaio libaio-devel libgcc libstdc++ libstdc++-devel make numactl-devel sysstat

2.1oracle,grid用户创建:

groupadd oinstall
groupadd dba
useradd -m -g oinstall -G dba oracle
echo oracle | passwd --stdin oracle

3.用户变量配置:
Oracle用户环境变量:
Su – oracle
$ vi .bash_profile
umask 022
ORACLE_SID=testdb
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.2.0.4.0/dbhome_1
PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH
export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK
export ORACLE_SID ORACLE_BASE ORACLE_HOME PATH

4.设置用户限制文件:
/etc/security/limits.conf
oracle soft nproc 2047
oracle hard nproc 16384
oracle soft nofile 1024
oracle hard nofile 65536
oracle soft stack 10240

5.用户login配置:
/etc/pam.d/login
session required pam_limits.so

6.设置系统全局变量:
/etc/profile
if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then
if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
ulimit -p 16384
ulimit -n 65536
else
ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
fi
fi

7.系统内核参数配置:

/etc/sysctl.conf
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.shmall = 4194304
kernel.shmmax = 536870912
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500 #1024 65000
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048586

# sysctl –p

net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1
net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter=1
net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_announce = 2
net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore = 1
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0
kernel.sysrq = 0
kernel.core_uses_pid = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
kernel.msgmnb = 65536
kernel.msgmax = 65536
kernel.shmmax = 68719476736
kernel.shmall = 12884901888
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 1000
net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_window_scaling = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 87380 4194304
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 16384 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 8388608
net.core.rmem_default = 8388608
net.core.rmem_max = 16777216
net.core.wmem_max = 16777216
net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 262144
net.core.somaxconn = 262144
net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 3276800
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 262144
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_retries2 = 5
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 94500000 915000000 927000000
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65535
net.ipv4.ip_local_reserved_ports = 8080-8081,11200-11211,6379-6389,10050-10051
net.nf_conntrack_max = 409600
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_timeout_established = 600
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_max = 409600
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_buckets = 8192
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_timeout_time_wait = 1

8.禁用防火墙,seliunx
service iptables stop
chkconfig iptables off

9.创建oracle安装目录及权限
mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle
chown -R oracle.oinstall /u01/app/oracle
chmod 775 /u01/app/oracle
mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/oradata
chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle/oradata
chmod 775 /u01/app/oracle/oradata
mkdir -p /u01/app/oraInventory
chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oraInventory
chmod 775 /u01/app/oraInventory
mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4.0/dbhome_1
chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4.0/dbhome_1
chmod 775 /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4.0/dbhome_1

10.数据库软件静默安装方法:

解压安装包:
unzip p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_1of7.zip
unzip p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_2of7.zip
将解压后的安装文件database 拷到/u01/app/下面,或直接使用本目录下的rsp文件,进行修改

cp 51db_install.rsp /u01/app/database/response/
cp 51dbca.rsp /u01/app/database/response/

修改51db_install.rsp 51dbca.rsp 将里面SID,DBNAME,路径等等都修改好。 安装库目录为/u01/app/oracle/oradata 。

开始通过rsp响应文件安装oracle软件:

$ ./runInstaller -silent -force -responseFile /u01/app/database/response/51db_install.rsp

等一会儿,看提示。 根据提示,会让用root权限执行两个脚本。 最后出现成功后即可。

通过rsp响应文件建数据库:
vi 51dbca.rsp
静默安装实例【需要修改的地方】

在安装实例之前,先对dbca.rpt进行配置。配置项如下
GDBNAME = “testdb” (数据库的唯一标识)
SID = “testdb” (数据库实例名)
CHARACTERSET = “ZHS16GBK” (数据库字符集) --CHARACTERSET = “AL32UTF8” (更新,支持更多字符,支持9i及以上) --CHARACTERSET = “UTF8” (更旧,支持8i)
TOTALMEMORY = “10240” (数据库内存,现为10G,单位:MB)
如果要使用OEM则还要修改
EMCONFIGURATION=”LOCAL”,
SYSMANPASSWORD=“oracle”
DBSNMPPASSWORD=”oracle”
配置 好执行静默安装

开始安装数据库

/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4.0/dbhome_1/bin/dbca -silent -responseFile /u01/app/database/response/51dbca.rsp

根据提示输入两次密码。即可出现安装库的进度。

到此安装完成。

========================================================================================
创建监听:
监听配置: [都要加,服务端,客户端]
服务端:
cd /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4.0/dbhome_1/network/admin
vi listener.ora
SID_LIST_LISTENER =
(SID_LIST =
(SID_DESC =
(GLOBAL_DBNAME = cleardb)
(ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2/db_1)
(SID_NAME = testdb)
)
)

LISTENER =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 172.**.**.**)(PORT = 1521))
)

客户端:
vi tnsnames.ora
TESTDB =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 172.**.**.**)(PORT = 1521))
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVER = DEDICATED)
(SERVICE_NAME = testdb)
)
)

LISTENER_CLEARDB =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 172.**.**.**)(PORT = 1521))

启动监听lsnrct start

-bash-4.1$ lsnrctl status

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on 27-APR-2015 18:37:07

Copyright (c) 1991, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=172.**.**.**)(PORT=1521)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias LISTENER
Version TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production
Start Date 27-APR-2015 17:58:52
Uptime 0 days 0 hr. 38 min. 15 sec
Trace Level off
Security ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP OFF
Listener Log File /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/localhost/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=localhost)(PORT=1521)))
Services Summary...
Service "autoa" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "autoa", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "autoaXDB" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "autoa", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully

oracle静默安装的更多相关文章

  1. Oracle 静默安装的db_install.rsp 文件

    Oracle 静默安装的db_install.rsp 文件,已修改好值 ################################################################ ...

  2. Oracle 静默安装 oracle 12c

    [oracle@local12cdg app]$ id oracleuid=501(oracle) gid=501(oinstall) groups=501(oinstall),502(dba)[or ...

  3. Oracle 静默安装oracle client

    静默安装oracle clint比较简单,修改instantclient.crsp文件的几个位置即可 [root@localhost ~]# vi /etc/oralnstloc inventory_ ...

  4. linux环境下oracle静默安装

    一.安装环境 1.linux版本:redhat6.3_x86_64 2.oracle版本:Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3 ...

  5. oracle静默安装完成后,重启数据库,错误ORA-01102: cannot mount database in EXCLUSIVE mode

    静默安装oracle完成后,登录数据库激活用户,无法更改,提示未载入数据库,关闭后重启报错: 1.找到安装目录下的$ORACLE_HOME/dbs/ 目录下,查看当前使用lkORCL文件的用户(fus ...

  6. oracle 静默安装

    下载oracle的安装包: 下载地址: 注意下载oracle是须要注冊oracle的 http://download.oracle.com/otn/nt/oracle11g 下载两个包: linux. ...

  7. Oracle静默安装-简单记录

    一.与图形界面安装一样,检查如下条件:新建用户.组创建安装目录配置环境变量检查安装依赖包修改内核参数……前面这些操作都属于常规操作,不管是图形还是静默都需要处理. 二./home/oracle/dat ...

  8. linux 之oracle静默安装

    一.安装前准备工作1.修改主机名#vi /etc/hosts   //并添加内网IP地址对应的hostname,如下127.0.0.1           localhost::1           ...

  9. CentOS 6.5下静默安装oracle

    本例: 通过SSH远程连接云主机,上传oracle11g安装包,在centos6.5上无图形化界面静默安装oracle11g. 涉及工具及环境: 1.本地环境windows7+ssh远程连接工具xSh ...

随机推荐

  1. SE 2014年4月16日

    一. 描述BGP路由协议中  BGP路由携带 AS-PATH/ next-hop  / ORIGIN /  local-preference 属性的特点! BGP协议中的AS-PATH是AS列表,用来 ...

  2. - C#编程大幅提高OUTLOOK的邮件搜索能力!

    原文:[原创] - C#编程大幅提高OUTLOOK的邮件搜索能力! 使用OUTLOOK, 你有没有遇到过上图的问题? 多达18419封邮件! 太多了, 每次想找一个邮件都非常耗时, 想办法解决这个问题 ...

  3. Servlet程序开发-- 取得其他内置对象

    servlet本身提供的只有request和response对象,如果要取得session对象,只能依靠request对象,因为session属于HTTP协议范畴,而且在每次发送请求的时候,服务器都会 ...

  4. redis -memcahe

    tomcat自动化集成 https://blog.51cto.com/ellenv/1932817 Redis与Memcache对比:1.Memcache是一个分布式的内存对象缓存系统而redis是可 ...

  5. 如何调用wasm文件?

    如果用C/C++导出wasm模块,方法名会默认带_前缀:如果是asm.js转成了wasm模块,方法名就不带_前缀. 一.c到js 二.wasm和js 三.小尝试 这里主要汇集了自己初学webAssem ...

  6. CentOS5.9 编译Emacs 24

    从Emacs官方网站下载最新版解压后,执行 ./configure 得到错误信息: configure: error: The following required libraries were no ...

  7. java web程序启动加载 ContextLoaderListener

    浅析ContextLoaderListener 大家可能对下面这段代码再熟悉不过了 <context-param> <param-name>contextConfigLocat ...

  8. 裸的lcs

    最长公共子串,裸的复杂度N^2 #include<bits/stdc++.h> using namespace std; ][]; int main() { ]; ]; scanf(&qu ...

  9. RocEDU.阅读.写作《乌合之众》(一)

    序言 作者在序言里主要论述了时代演变的内在原因,表明对群体进行研究的重要性,阐述了研究群体行为特征时的研究方法,并概述了群体的发展过程. 造成文明变革的唯一重要变化,是影响到思想.观念和信仰的变化.目 ...

  10. Android多线程断点下载的代码流程解析

    Step 1:创建一个用来记录线程下载信息的表 创建数据库表,于是乎我们创建一个数据库的管理器类,继承SQLiteOpenHelper类 重写onCreate()与onUpgrade()方法 DBOp ...