TCP十二种连接状态说明

可以使用man netstat查看

LISTEN - 侦听来自远方TCP端口的连接请求; 

SYN-SENT -在发送连接请求后等待匹配的连接请求; 

SYN-RECEIVED - 在收到和发送一个连接请求后等待对连接请求的确认; 

ESTABLISHED- 代表一个打开的连接,数据可以传送给用户; 

FIN-WAIT- - 等待远程TCP的连接中断请求,或先前的连接中断请求的确认;

FIN-WAIT- - 从远程TCP等待连接中断请求; 

CLOSE-WAIT - 等待从本地用户发来的连接中断请求; 

CLOSING -等待远程TCP对连接中断的确认; 

LAST-ACK - 等待原来发向远程TCP的连接中断请求的确认; 

TIME-WAIT -等待足够的时间以确保远程TCP接收到连接中断请求的确认; 

CLOSED - 没有任何连接状态;

监控命令

ss -ant | awk 'NR>1{++b[$1]} END{for(a in b)print a,b[a]}' 

也可以使用

netstat -an|awk '/^tcp/{++S[$NF]}END{for(a in S) print a,S[a]}'

监控脚本vim tcp_status.sh   放入系统任意位置,如/xx/zabbix/shells

#!/bin/bash
#this script is used to get tcp and udp connetion status
#tcp status
metric=$
tmp_file=/tmp/tcp_status.txt
/bin/netstat -an|awk '/^tcp/{++S[$NF]}END{for(a in S) print a,S[a]}' > $tmp_file
case $metric in
closed)
output=$(awk '/CLOSED/{print $2}' $tmp_file)
if [ "$output" == "" ];then
echo
else
echo $output
fi
;;
listen)
output=$(awk '/LISTEN/{print $2}' $tmp_file)
if [ "$output" == "" ];then
echo
else
echo $output
fi
;;
synrecv)
output=$(awk '/SYN_RECV/{print $2}' $tmp_file)
if [ "$output" == "" ];then
echo
else
echo $output
fi
;;
synsent)
output=$(awk '/SYN_SENT/{print $2}' $tmp_file)
if [ "$output" == "" ];then
echo
else
echo $output
fi
;;
established)
output=$(awk '/ESTABLISHED/{print $2}' $tmp_file)
if [ "$output" == "" ];then
echo
else
echo $output
fi
;;
timewait)
output=$(awk '/TIME_WAIT/{print $2}' $tmp_file)
if [ "$output" == "" ];then
echo
else
echo $output
fi
;;
closing)
output=$(awk '/CLOSING/{print $2}' $tmp_file)
if [ "$output" == "" ];then
echo
else
echo $output
fi
;;
closewait)
output=$(awk '/CLOSE_WAIT/{print $2}' $tmp_file)
if [ "$output" == "" ];then
echo
else
echo $output
fi
;;
lastack)
output=$(awk '/LAST_ACK/{print $2}' $tmp_file)
if [ "$output" == "" ];then
echo
else
echo $output
fi
;;
finwait1)
output=$(awk '/FIN_WAIT1/{print $2}' $tmp_file)
if [ "$output" == "" ];then
echo
else
echo $output
fi
;;
finwait2)
output=$(awk '/FIN_WAIT2/{print $2}' $tmp_file)
if [ "$output" == "" ];then
echo
else
echo $output
fi
;;
*)
echo -e "\e[033mUsage: sh $0 [closed|closing|closewait|synrecv|synsent|finwait1|finwait2|listen|established|lastack|timewait]\e[0m" esac

在配置文件zabbix_agentd.conf的Include对应目录下添加配置文件

vim tcp_status.conf

UserParameter=tcp.status[*],/xx/zabbix/shells/tcp_status.sh $

重启zabbix_agent

测试

zabbix_get -s 192.168.1.1 -k tcp.status[listen]

监控页面导入模板文件xx.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<zabbix_export>
<version>2.0</version>
<date>2018-04-02T15:38:44Z</date>
<groups>
<group>
<name>Templates</name>
</group>
</groups>
<templates>
<template>
<template>Template TCP Connection Status</template>
<name>Template TCP Connection Status</name>
<groups>
<group>
<name>Templates</name>
</group>
</groups>
<applications>
<application>
<name>TCP Status</name>
</application>
</applications>
<items>
<item>
<name>CLOSED</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<multiplier>0</multiplier>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>tcp.status[closed]</key>
<delay>60</delay>
<history>90</history>
<trends>365</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<delta>0</delta>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<formula>1</formula>
<delay_flex/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<data_type>0</data_type>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>TCP Status</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
</item>
<item>
<name>CLOSE_WAIT</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<multiplier>0</multiplier>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>tcp.status[closewait]</key>
<delay>60</delay>
<history>90</history>
<trends>365</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<delta>0</delta>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<formula>1</formula>
<delay_flex/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<data_type>0</data_type>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>TCP Status</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
</item>
<item>
<name>CLOSING</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<multiplier>0</multiplier>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>tcp.status[closing]</key>
<delay>60</delay>
<history>90</history>
<trends>365</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<delta>0</delta>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<formula>1</formula>
<delay_flex/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<data_type>0</data_type>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>TCP Status</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
</item>
<item>
<name>ESTABLISHED</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<multiplier>0</multiplier>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>tcp.status[established]</key>
<delay>60</delay>
<history>90</history>
<trends>365</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<delta>0</delta>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<formula>1</formula>
<delay_flex/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<data_type>0</data_type>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>TCP Status</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
</item>
<item>
<name>FIN_WAIT1</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<multiplier>0</multiplier>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>tcp.status[finwait1]</key>
<delay>60</delay>
<history>90</history>
<trends>365</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<delta>0</delta>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<formula>1</formula>
<delay_flex/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<data_type>0</data_type>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>TCP Status</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
</item>
<item>
<name>FIN_WAIT2</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<multiplier>0</multiplier>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>tcp.status[finwait2]</key>
<delay>60</delay>
<history>90</history>
<trends>365</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<delta>0</delta>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<formula>1</formula>
<delay_flex/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<data_type>0</data_type>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>TCP Status</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
</item>
<item>
<name>LAST_ACK</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<multiplier>0</multiplier>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>tcp.status[lastack]</key>
<delay>60</delay>
<history>90</history>
<trends>365</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<delta>0</delta>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<formula>1</formula>
<delay_flex/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<data_type>0</data_type>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>TCP Status</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
</item>
<item>
<name>LISTEN</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<multiplier>0</multiplier>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>tcp.status[listen]</key>
<delay>60</delay>
<history>90</history>
<trends>365</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<delta>0</delta>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<formula>1</formula>
<delay_flex/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<data_type>0</data_type>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>TCP Status</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
</item>
<item>
<name>SYN_RECV</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<multiplier>0</multiplier>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>tcp.status[synrecv]</key>
<delay>60</delay>
<history>90</history>
<trends>365</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<delta>0</delta>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<formula>1</formula>
<delay_flex/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<data_type>0</data_type>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>TCP Status</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
</item>
<item>
<name>SYN_SENT</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<multiplier>0</multiplier>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>tcp.status[synsent]</key>
<delay>60</delay>
<history>90</history>
<trends>365</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<delta>0</delta>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<formula>1</formula>
<delay_flex/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<data_type>0</data_type>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>TCP Status</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
</item>
<item>
<name>TIME_WAIT</name>
<type>0</type>
<snmp_community/>
<multiplier>0</multiplier>
<snmp_oid/>
<key>tcp.status[timewait]</key>
<delay>60</delay>
<history>90</history>
<trends>365</trends>
<status>0</status>
<value_type>3</value_type>
<allowed_hosts/>
<units/>
<delta>0</delta>
<snmpv3_contextname/>
<snmpv3_securityname/>
<snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
<snmpv3_authprotocol>0</snmpv3_authprotocol>
<snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
<snmpv3_privprotocol>0</snmpv3_privprotocol>
<snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
<formula>1</formula>
<delay_flex/>
<params/>
<ipmi_sensor/>
<data_type>0</data_type>
<authtype>0</authtype>
<username/>
<password/>
<publickey/>
<privatekey/>
<port/>
<description/>
<inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
<applications>
<application>
<name>TCP Status</name>
</application>
</applications>
<valuemap/>
</item>
</items>
<discovery_rules/>
<macros/>
<templates/>
<screens/>
</template>
</templates>
<triggers>
<trigger>
<expression>{Template TCP Connection Status:tcp.status[timewait].last()}>10000</expression>
<name>There are too many TCP TIME_WAIT status</name>
<url/>
<status>0</status>
<priority>4</priority>
<description/>
<type>0</type>
<dependencies/>
</trigger>
</triggers>
<graphs>
<graph>
<name>TCP Status</name>
<width>900</width>
<height>200</height>
<yaxismin>0.0000</yaxismin>
<yaxismax>100.0000</yaxismax>
<show_work_period>1</show_work_period>
<show_triggers>1</show_triggers>
<type>0</type>
<show_legend>1</show_legend>
<show_3d>0</show_3d>
<percent_left>0.0000</percent_left>
<percent_right>0.0000</percent_right>
<ymin_type_1>0</ymin_type_1>
<ymax_type_1>0</ymax_type_1>
<ymin_item_1>0</ymin_item_1>
<ymax_item_1>0</ymax_item_1>
<graph_items>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>0</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>C80000</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template TCP Connection Status</host>
<key>tcp.status[closed]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>1</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>00C800</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template TCP Connection Status</host>
<key>tcp.status[closewait]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>2</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>0000C8</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template TCP Connection Status</host>
<key>tcp.status[closing]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>3</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>C800C8</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template TCP Connection Status</host>
<key>tcp.status[established]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>4</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>00C8C8</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template TCP Connection Status</host>
<key>tcp.status[finwait1]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>5</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>C8C800</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template TCP Connection Status</host>
<key>tcp.status[finwait2]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>6</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>C8C8C8</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template TCP Connection Status</host>
<key>tcp.status[lastack]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>7</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>960000</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template TCP Connection Status</host>
<key>tcp.status[listen]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>8</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>009600</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template TCP Connection Status</host>
<key>tcp.status[synrecv]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>9</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>000096</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template TCP Connection Status</host>
<key>tcp.status[synsent]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
<graph_item>
<sortorder>10</sortorder>
<drawtype>0</drawtype>
<color>960096</color>
<yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
<calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
<type>0</type>
<item>
<host>Template TCP Connection Status</host>
<key>tcp.status[timewait]</key>
</item>
</graph_item>
</graph_items>
</graph>
</graphs>
</zabbix_export>

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