lamt环境搭建

环境说明:

系统 IP 需要安装的服务
centos7 192.168.32.125 httpd-2.4 mysql-5.7 tomcat9.0

安装apache

//创建apache服务的用户和组
[root@localhost ~]# groupadd -r apache
[root@localhost ~]# useradd -r -M -s /sbin/nologin -g apache apache //安装依赖包
[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install openssl-devel pcre-devel expat-devel libtool wget gcc gcc-c++ //下载和安装apr以及apr-util
[root@localhost ~]# wget http://mirror.bit.edu.cn/apache/apr/apr-1.7.0.tar.gz http://mirror.bit.edu.cn/apache/apr/apr-util-1.6.1.tar.gz
[root@localhost ~]# tar xf apr-1.7.0.tar.gz
[root@localhost ~]# tar xf apr-util-1.6.1.tar.gz
[root@localhost ~]# cd apr-1.7.0
[root@localhost apr-1.7.0]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr
[root@localhost apr-1.7.0]# make && make install
...... [root@localhost apr-1.7.0]# cd ../apr-util-1.6.1
[root@localhost apr-util-1.6.1]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr-util --with-apr=/usr/local/apr
[root@localhost apr-util-1.6.1]# make && make install
...... //编译安装httpd
[root@localhost apr-util-1.6.1]# cd
[root@localhost ~]# wget http://mirror.bit.edu.cn/apache/httpd/httpd-2.4.43.tar.gz
[root@localhost ~]# tar xf httpd-2.4.43.tar.gz
[root@localhost ~]# cd httpd-2.4.43
[root@localhost httpd-2.4.43]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache \
> --sysconfdir=/etc/httpd24 \
> --enable-so \
> --enable-ssl \
> --enable-cgi \
> --enable-rewrite \
> --with-zlib \
> --with-pcre \
> --with-apr=/usr/local/apr \
> --with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util/ \
> --enable-modules=most \
> --enable-mpms-shared=all \
> --with-mpm=prefork [root@localhost httpd-2.4.43]# make && make install //安装后配置
[root@localhost ~]# echo 'export PATH=/usr/local/apache/bin:$PATH' > /etc/profile.d/httpd.sh
[root@localhost ~]# source /etc/profile.d/httpd.sh
[root@localhost ~]# ln -s /usr/local/apache/include/ /usr/include/httpd
[root@localhost ~]# echo 'MANPATH /usr/local/apache/man' >> /etc/man_db.conf ////取消ServerName前面的注释
[root@localhost ~]# sed -i '/#ServerName/s/#//g' /etc/httpd24/httpd.conf
//启动apache
[root@localhost httpd-2.4.43]# apachectl start
[root@localhost httpd-2.4.43]# ss -tanl
State Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address:Port Peer Address:Port
LISTEN 0 100 127.0.0.1:25 *:*
LISTEN 0 128 *:22 *:*
LISTEN 0 100 [::1]:25 [::]:*
LISTEN 0 128 [::]:80 [::]:*
LISTEN 0 128 [::]:22 [::]:*

安装mysql

//安装依赖包
[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install libaio ncurses-devel openssl-devel openssl cmake mariadb-devel //创建用户和组
[root@localhost src]# groupadd -r -g 306 mysql
[root@localhost src]# useradd -r -M -s /sbin/nologin -g 306 -u 306 mysql //下载二进制格式的mysql软件包
[root@localhost ~]# wget https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.30-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz
[root@localhost ~]# tar xf mysql-5.7.30-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz
[root@localhost ~]# mv mysql-5.7.30-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 /usr/local/mysql //修改目录/usr/local/mysql的属主属组
[root@localhost ~]# chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql
[root@localhost ~]# ll /usr/local/mysql -d
drwxr-xr-x 9 mysql mysql 129 Aug 1 00:11 /usr/local/mysql //添加环境变量
[root@localhost ~]# ls /usr/local/mysql
bin COPYING docs include lib man README share support-files
[root@localhost ~]# echo 'export PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH' > /etc/profile.d/mysql.sh
[root@localhost ~]# . /etc/profile.d/mysql.sh
[root@localhost ~]# echo $PATH
/usr/local/mysql/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/root/bin //建立数据存放目录
[root@localhost ~]# mkdir /opt/data
[root@localhost ~]# chown -R mysql.mysql /opt/data/ //初始化数据库
[root@localhost ~]# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --initialize-insecure --user=mysql --datadir=/opt/data/
2020-08-01T04:15:55.095736Z 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2020-08-01T04:15:55.294922Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: New log files created, LSN=45790
2020-08-01T04:15:55.321013Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: Creating foreign key constraint system tables.
2020-08-01T04:15:55.392545Z 0 [Warning] No existing UUID has been found, so we assume that this is the first time that this server has been started. Generating a new UUID: b1cb74fe-d3ad-11ea-9e43-000c29f66cbc.
2020-08-01T04:15:55.402345Z 0 [Warning] Gtid table is not ready to be used. Table 'mysql.gtid_executed' cannot be opened.
2020-08-01T04:15:55.773892Z 0 [Warning] CA certificate ca.pem is self signed.
2020-08-01T04:15:55.992681Z 1 [Warning] root@localhost is created with an empty password ! Please consider switching off the --initialize-insecure option. //配置mysql
[root@localhost ~]# ln -sv /usr/local/mysql/include/ /usr/local/include/mysql
‘/usr/local/include/mysql’ -> ‘/usr/local/mysql/include/’
[root@localhost ~]# echo '/usr/local/mysql/lib' > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/mysql.conf
[root@localhost ~]# ldconfig //生成配置文件
[root@localhost ~]# cat > /etc/my.cnf <<EOF
[mysqld]
basedir = /usr/local/mysql
datadir = /opt/data
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
port = 3306
pid-file = /opt/data/mysql.pid
user = mysql
skip-name-resolve
EOF //配置服务启动脚本
[root@localhost ~]# cp -a /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
[root@localhost ~]# sed -ri 's#^(basedir=).*#\1/usr/local/mysql#g' /etc/init.d/mysqld
[root@localhost ~]# sed -ri 's#^(datadir=).*#\1/opt/data#g' /etc/init.d/mysqld
//设置开机自启
[root@localhost ~]# chkconfig --add mysqld
[root@localhost ~]# chkconfig --list //启动mysql
[root@localhost ~]# service mysqld start
Starting MySQL. SUCCESS!
[root@localhost ~]# ss -tanl
State Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address:Port Peer Address:Port
LISTEN 0 100 127.0.0.1:25 *:*
LISTEN 0 128 *:22 *:*
LISTEN 0 100 [::1]:25 [::]:*
LISTEN 0 80 [::]:3306 [::]:*
LISTEN 0 128 [::]:80 [::]:*
LISTEN 0 128 [::]:22 [::]:* //修改密码
[root@localhost ~]# mysql
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 2
Server version: 5.7.30 MySQL Community Server (GPL) Copyright (c) 2000, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. mysql> set password=password('qwer!@#$');
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec) mysql> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec) mysql> quit
Bye

安装tomcat

#安装JDK
[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install java-1.8.0-openjdk java-1.8.0-openjdk-devel #安装tomcat
[root@localhost ~]# wget https://archive.apache.org/dist/tomcat/tomcat-9/v9.0.37/bin/apache-tomcat-9.0.37.tar.gz
[root@localhost ~]# tar xf apache-tomcat-9.0.37.tar.gz
[root@localhost ~]# mv apache-tomcat-9.0.37 /usr/local/tomcat #启动tomcat
[root@localhost ~]# /usr/local/tomcat/bin/startup.sh
Using CATALINA_BASE: /usr/local/tomcat
Using CATALINA_HOME: /usr/local/tomcat
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /usr/local/tomcat/temp
Using JRE_HOME: /usr
Using CLASSPATH: /usr/local/tomcat/bin/bootstrap.jar:/usr/local/tomcat/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
Tomcat started.
[root@localhost ~]# ss -tanl
State Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address:Port Peer Address:Port
LISTEN 0 100 127.0.0.1:25 *:*
LISTEN 0 128 *:22 *:*
LISTEN 0 100 [::1]:25 [::]:*
LISTEN 0 1 [::ffff:127.0.0.1]:8005 [::]:*
LISTEN 0 80 [::]:3306 [::]:*
LISTEN 0 100 [::]:8080 [::]:*
LISTEN 0 128 [::]:80 [::]:*
LISTEN 0 128 [::]:22 [::]:*

修改配置文件

修改apache的httpd.conf配置文件,取消如下两行的注释:

#LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/mod_proxy_http.so
#LoadModule proxy_module modules/mod_proxy.so
//启用httpd的相关模块
[root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/httpd24/httpd.conf
LoadModule proxy_module modules/mod_proxy.so
LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/mod_proxy_http.so //配置虚拟主机
[root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/httpd24/httpd.conf
#在最后添加
<VirtualHost *:80>
DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache/htdocs"
ProxyPass / http://192.168.32.125:8080/
ProxyPassReverse / http://192.158.32.125:8080/
<Directory "/usr/local/apache/htdocs">
Options none
AllowOverride none
Require all granted
</Directory>
</VirtualHost> 把所有http的请求代理到 http://192.168.32.125:8080/ ,也就是 Tomcat 的访问地址,
可以加如 ProxyPass /images ! 表示除了images目录之外不转发,可以实现静态内容不转给tomcat #重启apache
[root@localhost ~]# apachectl restart
[root@localhost ~]# ss -tanl
State Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address:Port Peer Address:Port
LISTEN 0 100 127.0.0.1:25 *:*
LISTEN 0 128 *:22 *:*
LISTEN 0 100 [::1]:25 [::]:*
LISTEN 0 1 [::ffff:127.0.0.1]:8005 [::]:*
LISTEN 0 80 [::]:3306 [::]:*
LISTEN 0 100 [::]:8080 [::]:*
LISTEN 0 128 [::]:80 [::]:*
LISTEN 0 128 [::]:22 [::]:*

访问80端口时,转到了8080

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